International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Proactive RSA

Yair Frankel
Peter Gemmell
Philip D. MacKenzie
Moti Yung
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Abstract: We consider a "mobile adversary" which may corrupt all participants throughout the lifetime of the system in a non-monotonic fashion (i.e. recoveries are possible) but the adversary is unable to corrupt too many participants during any short time period. Schemes resiliant to such adverasry are called proactive. We present a proactive RSA system in which a threshold of servers applies the RSA signature (or decryption) function in a distributed manner. Employing new combinatorial and elementary number theoretic techniques, our protocol enables the dynamic updating of the servers (which hold the RSA key distributively); it is secure even when a linear number of the servers are corrupted during any time period; it efficiently "self-maintains" the security of the function and its messages (ciphertexts or signatures); and it enables continuous availability, namely, correct function application using the shared key is possible at any time.
  title={Proactive RSA},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  note={Appeared in the THEORY OF CRYPTOGRAPHY LIBRARY and has been included in the ePrint Archive. 10500 received Aug 5th, 1996.},
  author={Yair Frankel and Peter Gemmell and Philip D. MacKenzie and Moti Yung},