International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Fast Batch Verification for Modular Exponentiation and Digital Signatures

Mihir Bellare
Juan A. Garay
Tal Rabin
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Abstract: Many tasks in cryptography (e.g., digital signature verification) call for verification of a basic operation like modular exponentiation in some group: given (g,x,y) check that g<sup>x</sup>=y. This is typically done by re-computing g<sup>x</sup> and checking we get y. We would like to do it differently, and faster. The approach we use is batching. Focusing first on the basic modular exponentiation operation, we provide some probabilistic batch verifiers, or tests, that verify a sequence of modular exponentiations significantly faster than the naive re-computation method. This yields speedups for several verification tasks that involve modular exponentiations. Focusing specifically on digital signatures, we then suggest a weaker notion of (batch) verification which we call ``screening.'' It seems useful for many usages of signatures, and has the advantage that it can be done very fast; in particular, we show how to screen a sequence of RSA signatures at the cost of one RSA verification plus hashing.
  title={Fast Batch Verification for Modular Exponentiation and Digital Signatures},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={Modular exponentiation, digital signatures, verification, RSA, DSS, batching, program checking.},
  note={Appeared in the THEORY OF CRYPTOGRAPHY LIBRARY and has been included in the ePrint Archive. 10500 Received March 8, 1998. Revised June 16th, 1998.},
  author={Mihir Bellare and Juan A. Garay and Tal Rabin},