International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Generalized Key Delegation for Hierarchical Identity-Based Encryption

Michel Abdalla
Eike Kiltz
Gregory Neven
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Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a new primitive called identity-based encryption with wildcard key derivation (WKD-IBE, or "wicked IBE") that enhances the concept of hierarchical identity-based encryption (HIBE) by allowing more general key delegation patterns. A secret key is derived for a vector of identity strings, where entries can be left blank using a wildcard. This key can then be used to derive keys for any pattern that replaces wildcards with concrete identity strings. For example, one may want to allow the university's head system administrator to derive secret keys (and hence the ability to decrypt) for all departmental sysadmin email addresses sysadmin@*, where * is a wildcard that can be replaced with any string. We provide appropriate security notions and provably secure instantiations with different tradeoffs in terms of ciphertext size and efficiency. We also present a generic construction of identity-based broadcast encryption (IBBE) from any WKD-IBE scheme. One of our instantiation yields an IBBE scheme with constant ciphertext size.
  title={Generalized Key Delegation for Hierarchical Identity-Based Encryption},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={public-key cryptography / Hierarchical identity-based encryption, key delegation, broadcast encryption.},
  note={A preliminary version of this paper appears in the proceedings of ESORICS 2007. This is the full version. 13673 received 7 Jun 2007, last revised 9 Jun 2007},
  author={Michel Abdalla and Eike Kiltz and Gregory Neven},