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Paper: Pairings on Jacobians of Hyperelliptic Curves

Authors:
Christian Robenhagen Ravnshoj
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URL: http://eprint.iacr.org/2007/365
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Abstract: Consider the jacobian of a hyperelliptic genus two curve defined over a finite field. Under certain restrictions on the endomorphism ring of the jacobian we give an explicit description all non-degenerate, bilinear, anti-symmetric and Galois-invariant pairings on the jacobian. From this description it follows that no such pairing can be computed more efficiently than the Weil pairing. To establish this result, we need an explicit description of the representation of the Frobenius endomorphism on the l-torsion subgroup of the jacobian. This description is given. In particular, we show that if the characteristic polynomial of the Frobenius endomorphism splits into linear factors modulo l, then the Frobenius is diagonalizable. Finally, under the restriction that the Frobenius element is an element of a certain subring of the endomorphism ring, we prove that if the characteristic polynomial of the Frobenius endomorphism splits into linear factors modulo l, then the embedding degree and the total embedding degree of the jacobian with respect to l are the same number.
BibTeX
@misc{eprint-2007-13645,
  title={Pairings on Jacobians of Hyperelliptic Curves},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={public-key cryptography / Hyperelliptic curve cryptography},
  url={http://eprint.iacr.org/2007/365},
  note={ cr@imf.au.dk 13769 received 13 Sep 2007},
  author={Christian Robenhagen Ravnshoj},
  year=2007
}