International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: Homomorphic Encryption with CCA Security

Manoj Prabhakaran
Mike Rosulek
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Abstract: We address the problem of constructing public-key encryption schemes that meaningfully combine useful {\em computability features} with {\em non-malleability}. In particular, we investigate schemes in which anyone can change an encryption of an unknown message $m$ into an encryption of $T(m)$ (as a {\em feature}), for a specific set of allowed functions $T$, but the scheme is ``non-malleable'' with respect to all other operations. We formulate precise definitions that capture these intuitive requirements and also show relationships among our new definitions and other more standard ones (IND-CCA, gCCA, and RCCA). We further justify our definitions by showing their equivalence to a natural formulation of security in the Universally Composable framework. We also consider extending the definitions to features which combine {\em multiple} ciphertexts, and show that a natural definition is unattainable for a useful class of features. Finally, we describe a new family of encryption schemes that satisfy our definitions for a wide variety of allowed transformations $T$, and which are secure under the standard Decisional Diffie-Hellman (DDH) assumption.
  title={Homomorphic Encryption with CCA Security},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={public-key cryptography / homomorphic encryption},
  note={Full version of an extended abstract presented at ICALP 2008 14023 received 20 Feb 2008, last revised 24 May 2008},
  author={Manoj Prabhakaran and Mike Rosulek},