International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: On Black-Box Ring Extraction and Integer Factorization

Kristina Altmann
Tibor Jager
Andy Rupp
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Abstract: The black-box extraction problem over rings has (at least) two important interpretations in cryptography: An efficient algorithm for this problem implies (i) the equivalence of computing discrete logarithms and solving the Diffie-Hellman problem and (ii) the in-existence of secure ring-homomorphic encryption schemes. In the special case of a finite field, Boneh/Lipton and Maurer/Raub showed that there exist algorithms solving the black-box extraction problem in subexponential time. It is unknown whether there exist more efficient algorithms. In this work we consider the black-box extraction problem over finite rings of characteristic $n$, where $n$ has at least two different prime factors. We provide a polynomial-time reduction from factoring $n$ to the black-box extraction problem for a large class of finite commutative unitary rings. Under the factoring assumption, this implies the in-existence of certain efficient generic reductions from computing discrete logarithms to the Diffie-Hellman problem on the one side, and might be an indicator that secure ring-homomorphic encryption schemes exist on the other side.
  title={On Black-Box Ring Extraction and Integer Factorization},
  booktitle={IACR Eprint archive},
  keywords={public-key cryptography / Black Box Extraction Problem, Integer Factorization, Homomorphic Encryption},
  note={ 14066 received 7 Apr 2008, last revised 6 Jul 2008},
  author={Kristina Altmann and Tibor Jager and Andy Rupp},