International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

IACR News item: 15 September 2020

Konstantin Kalgin, Valeriya Idrisova
ePrint Report ePrint Report
Almost perfect nonlinear functions possess the optimal resistance to the differential cryptanalysis and are widely studied. Most known APN functions are obtained as functions over finite fields $\mathbb{F}_{2^n}$ and very little is known about combinatorial constructions in $\mathbb{F}_2^n$. In this work we proposed two approaches for obtaining quadratic APN functions in $\mathbb{F}_2^n$. The first approach exploits a secondary construction idea, it considers how to obtain quadratic APN function in $n+1$ variables from a given quadratic APN function in $n$ variables using special restrictions on new terms. The second approach is searching quadratic APN functions that have matrix form partially filled with standard basis vectors in a cyclic manner. This approach allowed us to find a new APN function in 7 variables. Also, we conjectured that a quadratic part of an arbitrary APN function has a low differential uniformity. This conjecture allowed us to introduce a new subclass of APN functions, so-called stacked APN functions. We found cubic examples of such functions for dimensions up to 6.

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