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8 January 2019
Job Posting Research Fellow NUS-SingTel Cyber Security R&D Lab
Open Position for Research Fellow in National University of Singapore

“NUS-Singtel Cyber Security R&D Lab” (http://nus-singtel.nus.edu.sg/) is a 5 years joint project with about SGD 43 mil (approximately USD 31 mil) of funds contributed by Singapore Telecommunications Limited (SingTel), National University of Singapore (NUS), and National Research Foundation (NRF) of Singapore. The R&D Lab will conduct research in four broad areas of cyber security having strategic relevance to Singtel’s business: (1) Predictive Security Analytics; (2) Network, Data and Cloud Security; (3) Internet-of-Things and Industrial Control Systems; (4) Future-Ready Cyber Security Systems.

NUS-SingTel Lab currently has one research fellow position with competitive pay. It is available to (fresh) PhD graduates in computer science/engineering from Singapore or overseas.

The Research Fellow will be responsible for working closely with the Principal Investigator and lab members on a new 3-year research project which just started in June 2018. He/she should possess experience or interest in at least some of the following research areas:

• Key management, Authentication, Authorization and Access control

• Trusted computing (e.g. TPM, Intel SGX)

• Post-quantum cryptography

Job requirements:

• A PhD degree in a relevant area (Computer Science/Engineer, mathematics, etc);

• Good publication record in cyber security and crypto area

• Publication in Rank 1 Cyber Security or Crypto Conference, or AsiaCrypt, ESORICS, ACSAC, TCC, Euro S&P, etc;

• Good communication skills, self-motivated and good team players;

• Some experience in programming is a plus;

• Willing to perform practical research which may eventually lead to products

To apply for the above position, please send a copy of your recent CV to \"comxj at nus.edu.sg\" with an email subject “Application for RF”.

Closing date for applications: 1 June 2019

Contact: Dr Xu,

comxj at nus.edu.sg

More information: https://www.nus-singtel.nus.edu.sg/

Job Posting PhD interns on cyber-physical system security Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD), Singapore
Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) is a young university which was established in collaboration with MIT. iTrust is a Cyber Security Research Center which has the world\'s best facilities in cyber-physical systems (CPS) including testbeds for Secure Water Treatment (SWaT), Water Distribution (WADI), Electric Power and Intelligent Control (EPIC), and IoT. (See more info at https://itrust.sutd.edu.sg/research/testbeds/.)

I am looking for PhD interns with interest in cyber-physical system security (IoT, power grid, water, transportation, and autonomous vehicle etc.). The attachment will be at least 3 months. Allowance will be provided for local expenses.

Interested candidates please send your CV with a research statement to Prof. Jianying Zhou. Only short-listed candidates will be contacted for interview.

Closing date for applications: 31 March 2019

Contact: Prof. Jianying Zhou

More information: http://jianying.space/

Job Posting Research Scientist Temasek Laboratories, National University of Singapore
Temasek Laboratories at National University of Singapore, Singapore is seeking highly motivated professionals in conducting research in the area of lattice-based cryptography.

Applicants are expected to have a PhD degree in Mathematics/Computer Science/Engineering and a strong background in algebra and number theory in Bachelor degree and higher degree courses.

A preferred candidate is to have experience in lattice-based cryptography and is expected to be proficient in C/C++ language, Magma Software, SAGEMATH Software, a team worker and able to conduct independent research.

Closing date for applications: 15 March 2019

Contact: Dr Tan Chik How, Principal Research Scientist, tsltch (at) nus.edu.sg

The IMDEA Software Institute invites applications for tenure-track (Assistant Professor) faculty positions. We are primarily interested in recruiting excellent candidates in the areas of Data Science, including machine learning; Security and Privacy; Cyber-Physical Systems; Software Engineering; and Systems, including parallel and distributed systems, embedded systems, hybrid systems, heterogeneous architectures, etc. Exceptional candidates in other areas within the general research areas of the Institute will also be considered. Tenured-level (Associate and Full Professor) applications are also welcome.

The primary mission of the IMDEA Software Institute is to perform research of excellence at the highest international level in software development technologies. It is one of the highest ranked institutions worldwide in its main topic areas.

Information about the Institute\'s current faculty and research can be found at http://www.software.imdea.org .

Closing date for applications: 6 February 2019

Contact: Applications should be completed at:

https://careers.imdea.org/software/

Please include reference FAC-1-2019 at the beginning of the form. For full consideration, complete applications must be received by February 6, 2018, although applications will continue to be accepted until the positions are filled. Pending final approval, we expect to fill two positions.

More information: http://www.software.imdea.org

4 January 2019
CWI is looking for candidates to initiate and develop new research directions in Secure Software Systems, addressing major challenges in software systems relating to security and privacy.

The challenges concern the modelling, analysis, and design of software systems that satisfy a range of security and privacy requirements related to, but not confined to, secure information flow, static and dynamic security guarantees, security testing, intrusion detection, differential privacy, security games, authentication, authorization, anonymous communication, and cryptography.

We are looking for researchers with excellent track records in computer science, with a focus on privacy and security in software systems and their scientific foundations. The tenure-track candidates are expected to develop a research program that addresses current societal demands on secure software systems, whereas senior candidates are expected to develop and lead a new group in this area. The candidates are expected to utilise synergies with other CWI research groups, like the cryptology group of prof. Ronald Cramer.

For more detailed descriptions of the individual positions and the required profiles, we refer to the link below.

Applicants should send:

  • a motivation letter;

  • a curriculum vitae with a list of publications;

  • a copy of their thesis or of their three most prominent publications;

  • the names of at least three prominent scientists who can provide letters of recommendation;

  • a research statement and a well-founded, innovative research plan for a period of 5 years, including plans on how to acquire additional funding and a challenging outlook for the future, which takes into account the international research landscape.

The candidates are asked to indicate in their application which position has their preference. We especially invite qualified women to apply.

Closing date for applications: 11 February 2019

Contact: Angelique Schilder (apply (at) cwi.nl)

More information: https://www.cwi.nl/jobs/vacancies/tenure-track-and-senior-researcher-positions-in-secure-software-systems-in-amsterdam

Job Posting Ph.D. and Postdoc positions University of Bern, Switzerland

Ph.D. and Postdoc positions are available in the new research group in cryptology and data security, established by Christian Cachin, at the Institute of Computer Science, University of Bern.

Our research addresses all aspects of security in distributed systems, especially cryptographic protocols, consistency, consensus, and cloud-computing security. We are particularly interested in blockchains, distributed ledger technology, cryptocurrencies, and their security and economics.

Candidates should have a strong background in computer science or mathematics. They should like conceptual, rigorous thinking for working theoretically, or be interested in building concrete systems for working practically. Demonstrated expertise in blockchain technology, cryptography, or distributed computing is a plus.

Positions are available from Spring 2019 and come with a competitive salary. The selection process runs until suitable candidates have been found. The University of Bern conducts excellent research and lives up its vision that \'Knowledge generates value\'. The city of Bern lies in the center of Switzerland and offers some of the highest quality of life worldwide.

Applicants should hold a master degree (for Ph.D. positions) or a Ph.D. (for postdoc positions), with expertise in the relevant research topics.

Applications should be sent by email, with subject line *Application for Postdoc* or *Application for Ph.D.*, as one single PDF file, addressed directly to Prof. Christian Cachin by email.

For more information, please contact Christian Cachin ( https://cachin.com/cc/ ).

Closing date for applications: 30 March 2019

Contact: Christian Cachin, cachin (at) inf.unibe.ch

More information: https://cachin.com/cc/positions.html

Job Posting Senior Applied Cryptographer Transparent Systems, Seattle WA
A little bit about us…(Seattle Washington).

We\'re in near ‘stealth’ mode and we\'re a well-financed, financial technology start-up located in Seattle. We\'re growing (currently 13 employees) and need a senior level Security Software Engineer to help us deliver our game changing platform. We’re moving past the old way of thinking and are creating a seamless universal platform to bring the exchange of funds up to the speed of the Internet.

What you’ll be doing:

Be our security SME.

Design, implement, and optimize core cryptographic libraries and secure systems (protocols and mechanisms).

Perform technical security assessments, code audits and design reviews.

Develop technical solutions to help mitigate security vulnerabilities.

Conduct research to identify new attack avenues and product enhancements.

What you likely bring to us:

You have start-up experience and you really want to work on v1. Master’s degree in Computer Science, Mathematics, or a related field.

Experience implementing cryptographic primitives/algorithms and cryptographic protocols.

Experience with any of the following is a plus: Go, Rust, C, C++. Significant experience building secure applications and strong knowledge of authentication protocols and applied cryptography. Must be able to identify and defend against protocol/network-level attacks.

Strong experience with security-oriented system design with applied cryptography at the forefront.

What we offer:

Competitive start-up salary.

Full benefits package and equity.

Fun place to work with smart people!

Collaborative environment and a small team, make a big impact immediately.

Closing date for applications: 1 June 2019

Contact: Karl Augustine, Director of Recruiting, kaugust (at) transparentinc.co, 111 S. Jackson St., Seattle WA 98104

More information: https://jobs.lever.co/transparentinc

Job Posting Senior Applied Cryptographer Transparent Systems, Seattle WA
A little bit about us…(Seattle Washington).

We\'re in near ‘stealth’ mode and we\'re a well-financed, financial technology start-up located in Seattle. We\'re growing (currently 13 employees) and need a senior level Security Software Engineer to help us deliver our game changing platform. We’re moving past the old way of thinking and are creating a seamless universal platform to bring the exchange of funds up to the speed of the Internet.

What you’ll be doing:

Be our security SME.

Design, implement, and optimize core cryptographic libraries and secure systems (protocols and mechanisms).

Perform technical security assessments, code audits and design reviews.

Develop technical solutions to help mitigate security vulnerabilities.

Conduct research to identify new attack avenues and product enhancements.

What you likely bring to us:

You have start-up experience and you really want to work on v1. Master’s degree in Computer Science, Mathematics, or a related field.

Experience implementing cryptographic primitives/algorithms and cryptographic protocols.

Experience with any of the following is a plus: Go, Rust, C, C++. Significant experience building secure applications and strong knowledge of authentication protocols and applied cryptography. Must be able to identify and defend against protocol/network-level attacks.

Strong experience with security-oriented system design with applied cryptography at the forefront.

What we offer:

Competitive start-up salary.

Full benefits package and equity.

Fun place to work with smart people!

Collaborative environment and a small team, make a big impact immediately.

Closing date for applications: 1 June 2019

Contact: Karl Augustine, Director of Recruiting, kaugust (at) transparentinc.co, 111 S. Jackson St., Seattle WA 98104

More information: https://jobs.lever.co/transparentinc

3 January 2019
ePrint Report Accountable Tracing Signatures from Lattices San Ling, Khoa Nguyen, Huaxiong Wang, Yanhong Xu
Group signatures allow users of a group to sign messages anonymously in the name of the group, while incorporating a tracing mechanism to revoke anonymity and identify the signer of any message. Since its introduction by Chaum and van Heyst (EUROCRYPT 1991), numerous proposals have been put forward, yielding various improvements on security, efficiency and functionality. However, a drawback of traditional group signatures is that the opening authority is given too much power, i.e., he can indiscriminately revoke anonymity and there is no mechanism to keep him accountable. To overcome this problem, Kohlweiss and Miers (PoPET 2015) introduced the notion of accountable tracing signatures ($\mathsf{ATS}$) - an enhanced group signature variant in which the opening authority is kept accountable for his actions. Kohlweiss and Miers demonstrated a generic construction of $\mathsf{ATS}$ and put forward a concrete instantiation based on number-theoretic assumptions. To the best of our knowledge, no other $\mathsf{ATS}$ scheme has been known, and the problem of instantiating $\mathsf{ATS}$ under post-quantum assumptions, e.g., lattices, remains open to date.

~~In this work, we provide the first lattice-based accountable tracing signature scheme. The scheme satisfies the security requirements suggested by Kohlweiss and Miers, assuming the hardness of the Ring Short Integer Solution ($\mathsf{RSIS}$) and the Ring Learning With Errors ($\mathsf{RLWE}$) problems. At the heart of our construction are a lattice-based key-oblivious encryption scheme and a zero-knowledge argument system allowing to prove that a given ciphertext is a valid $\mathsf{RLWE}$ encryption under some hidden yet certified key. These technical building blocks may be of independent interest, e.g., they can be useful for the design of other lattice-based privacy-preserving protocols.
ePrint Report Function Private Predicate Encryption for Low Min-Entropy Predicates Sikhar Patranabis, Debdeep Mukhopadhyay, Somindu C. Ramanna
In this work, we propose new predicate encryption schemes for zero inner-product encryption (ZIPE) and non-zero inner-product encryption (NIPE) predicates from prime-order bilinear pairings, which are both attribute and function private in the public-key setting.

Our ZIPE scheme is adaptively attribute private under the standard Matrix DDH assumption for unbounded collusions. It is additionally computationally function private under a min-entropy variant of the Matrix DDH assumption for predicates sampled from distributions with superlogarithmic min-entropy. Existing (statistically) function private ZIPE schemes due to Boneh et al. [Crypto’13, Asiacrypt’13] necessarily require predicate distributions with significantly larger min-entropy in the public-key setting.

Our NIPE scheme is adaptively attribute private under the standard Matrix DDH assumption, albeit for bounded collusions. It is also computationally function private under a min-entropy variant of the Matrix DDH assumption for predicates sampled from distributions with super-logarithmic min-entropy. To the best of our knowledge, existing NIPE schemes from bilinear pairings were neither attribute private nor function private.

Our constructions are inspired by the linear FE constructions of Agrawal et al. [Crypto’16] and the simulation secure ZIPE of Wee [TCC’17]. In our ZIPE scheme, we show a novel way of embedding two different hard problem instances in a single secret key - one for unbounded collusion-resistance and the other for function privacy. With respect to NIPE, we introduce new techniques for simultaneously achieving attribute and function privacy. We also show natural generalizations of our ZIPE and NIPE constructions to a wider class of subspace membership, subspace non-membership and hidden-vector encryption predicates.
Multi-key fully homomorphic encryption (MKFHE) allows computations on ciphertexts encrypted by different users (public keys), and the results can be jointly decrypted using the secret keys of all the users involved. The NTRU-based scheme is an important alternative to post-quantum cryptography, but the NTRU-based MKFHE has the following drawbacks, which cause it inefficient in scenarios such as secure multi-party computing (MPC). One is the relinearization technique used for key switching takes up most of the time of the scheme’s homomorphic evaluation, the other is that each user needs to decrypt in sequence, which makes the decryption process complicated. We propose an efficient leveled MKFHE scheme, which improves the efficiency of homomorphic evaluations, and constructs a two-round (MPC) protocol based on this. Firstly, we construct an efficient single key FHE with less relinearization operations. We greatly reduces the number of relinearization operations in homomorphic evaluations process by separating the homomorphic multiplication and relinearization techniques. Furthermore, the batching technique and a specialization of modulus can be applied to our scheme to improve the efficiency. Secondly, the efficient single-key homomorphic encryption scheme proposed in this paper is transformed into a multi-key vision according to the method in LTV12 scheme. Finally, we construct a distributed decryption process which can be implemented independently for all participating users, and reduce the number of interactions between users in the decryption process. Based on this, a two-round MPC protocol is proposed. Experimental analysis shows that the homomorphic evaluation of the single-key FHE scheme constructed in this paper is 2.4 times faster than DHS16, and the MKFHE scheme constructed in this paper can be used to implement a two-round MPC protocol effectively, which can be applied to secure MPC between multiple users under the cloud computing environment.
We construct non-interactive zero-knowledge (NIZK) arguments for $\mathsf{NP}$ from any circular-secure fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) scheme. In particular, we obtain such NIZKs under a circular-secure variant of the learning with errors (LWE) problem while only assuming a standard (poly/negligible) level of security. Our construction can be modified to obtain NIZKs which are either: (1) statistically zero-knowledge arguments in the common random string model or (2) statistically sound proofs in the common reference string model.

We obtain our result by constructing a new correlation-intractable hash family [Canetti, Goldreich, and Halevi, JACM~'04] for a large class of relations, which suffices to apply the Fiat-Shamir heuristic to specific 3-message proof systems. In particular, assuming circular secure FHE, our hash function $h$ ensures that for any function $f$ of some a-priori bounded circuit size, it is hard to find an input $x$ such that $h(x)=f(x)$. This continues a recent line of works [Holmgren and Lombardi, FOCS~'18; Canetti et al., ePrint~'18] focused on instantiating special forms of correlation intractability and Fiat-Shamir under weaker assumptions. Another consequence of our hash family construction is that, assuming circular-secure FHE, the classic quadratic residuosity protocol of [Goldwasser, Micali, and Rackoff, SICOMP~'89] is not zero knowledge when repeated in parallel.

We also show that, under the plain LWE assumption (without circularity), our hash family is a universal correlation intractable family for general relations, in the following sense: If there exists any hash family of some description size that is correlation-intractable for general (even inefficient) relations, then our specific construction (with a comparable size) is correlation-intractable for general (efficiently verifiable) relations.
ePrint Report qSCMS: Post-quantum certificate provisioning process for V2X Paulo S. L. M. Barreto, Jefferson E. Ricardini, Marcos A. Simplicio Jr., Harsh Kupwade Patil
Security and privacy are paramount in the field of intelligent transportation systems (ITS). This motivates many proposals aiming to create a Vehicular Public Key Infrastructure (VPKI) for managing vehicles’ certificates. Among them, the Security Credential Management System (SCMS) is one of the leading contenders for standardization in the US. SCMS provides a wide array security features, which include (but are not limited to) data authentication, vehicle privacy and revocation of misbehaving vehicles. In addition, the key provisioning process in SCMS is realized via the so-called \emph{butterfly key expansion}, which issues arbitrarily large batches of pseudonym certificates in response to a single client request. Although promising, this process is based on classical elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), which is known to be susceptible to quantum attacks. Aiming to address this issue, in this work we propose a post-quantum \emph{butterfly key expansion} process. The proposed protocol relies on lattice-based cryptography, which leads to competitive key, ciphertext and signature sizes. Moreover, it provides low bandwidth utilization when compared with other lattice-based schemes, and, like the original SCMS, addresses the security and functionality requirements of vehicular communication.
The abundance of smart devices and sensors has given rise to an unprecedented large-scale data collection. While this benefits various data-driven application domains, it raises numerous security and privacy concerns. In particular, recent high-profile data breach incidents demonstrate security dangers and single point vulnerability of multiple systems. Moreover, even if the data is properly protected at rest (i.e., during storage), data confidentiality may still be compromised once it is fed as input to computations. In this paper, we introduce Senopra, a privacy-preserving data management framework that leverages trusted execution environment and confidentiality-preserving smart contract system to empower data owners with absolute control over their data. More specifically, the data owners can specify fine-grained access policies governing how their captured data is accessed. The access policies are then enforced by a policy agent that operates in an autonomous and confidentiality-preserving manner. To attain scalability and efficiency, Senopra exploits Key Aggregation Cryptosystem (KAC) for key management, and incorporates an optimisation that significantly improves KAC's key reconstruction cost. Our experimental study shows that Senopra can support privacy- preserving data management at scale with low latency.
HEAAN is a homomorphic encryption (HE) scheme for approximate arithmetics. Its vector packing technique proved its potential in cryptographic applications requiring approximate computations, including data analysis and machine learning.

In this paper, we propose MHEAAN - a generalization of HEAAN to the case of a tensor structure of plaintext slots. Our design takes advantage of the HEAAN scheme, that the precision losses during the evaluation are limited by the depth of the circuit, and it exceeds no more than one bit compared to unencrypted approximate arithmetics, such as floating point operations. Due to the multi-dimensional structure of plaintext slots along with rotations in various dimensions, MHEAAN is a more natural choice for applications involving matrices and tensors. We provide a concrete two-dimensional construction and show the efficiency of our scheme on several matrix operations, such as matrix multiplication, matrix transposition, and inverse.

As an application, we implement the non-interactive Deep Neural Network (DNN) classification algorithm on encrypted data and encrypted model. Due to our efficient bootstrapping, the implementation can be easily extended to DNN structure with an arbitrary number of hidden layers
FSE Registration for FSE 2019 now open Early-bird discount through Feb 26
Registration is now open for FSE 2019; see https://fse.iacr.org/2019/registration.html. Early-bird discounts are in effect until Feb 26.

The conference will be held March 25-28 in Paris, France.

Dear members of the IACR

The year 2018 saw considerable growth for IACR: The first RWC sponsored by IACR took place in Zurich, attended by 600 people; the largest Crypto ever with 641 attendees, was held at UCSB in August; and the IACR counts a record number of more than 2100 members for the year 2019.

On behalf of everyone in the field, I'd like to thank the organizers of conferences, workshops, schools, and all further activities of the IACR, as well as the Board members and everyone else working behind the scene, for their efforts in making this possible.

As we move into 2019, let me mention some new developments.

Test-of-time award for the General Conferences

A new Test-of-time Award has been established recently and will start in 2019. It is given out yearly for each one of the three IACR General Conferences: Eurocrypt, Crypto, and Asiacrypt. The award honors "a paper with a lasting impact on the field" and will be given at the conference in year X to a paper published at the same conference in year X - 15.

The awards are selected by a yearly committee with five members, of which two members are appointed by Board and three are program chairs for the respective conferences in year X. This year's committee is chaired by Dan Boneh. Please see the details at https://iacr.org/testoftime/

Silvio Micali to hold the IACR Distinguished Lecture 2020

At its meeting in August, the Board has invited Silvio Micali to the hold the 2020 IACR Distinguished Lecture. This lecture is held annually and rotates between the three IACR General Conferences. We look forward to Silvio Micali's lecture at Crypto 2020!

For more information about the IACR Distinguished Lecture, see the website at https://iacr.org/publications/dl/

Board members

The IACR 2018 election was held in October/November to fill three of nine IACR Director positions. Congratulations to Michel Abdalla, Nadia Heninger, and Anna Lysyanskaya for being elected as directors! Michel and Anna were re-elected to their director positions and Nadia joins as a new director.

Among the incumbents of director positions, Phil Rogaway did not run for election and leaves the Board. Likewise the General Chairs of the 2019 General Conferences leave the Board and will again have more time to enjoy a conference as a guest: Orr Dunkelman, Tal Rabin, and Josef Pieprzyk. Let me thank all of them for their memorable contributions to the IACR!

Furthermore, Mitsuru Matsui has been elected as the chair of the Asiacrypt Steering Committee; this committee selects the venues for Asiacrypt as set forth in IACR's operational procedures (https://iacr.org/docs/steering.pdf). Thanks to Xuejia Lai for his work in this role until 2018.

Next IACR events

To find out more about your IACR and the work of the Board of Directors, please visit https://www.iacr.org and see the minutes of meeting at https://www.iacr.org/docs/minutes/

Happy New Year and best wishes for 2019!

Christian Cachin
IACR President

2 January 2019
Job Posting ICPS - DST Funded Research Project - Junior Research Fellow (JRF) - Cryptography Indian Institute of Information Technology Design and Manufacturing Jabalpur
Applications are invited from the Indian nationals for the position of Junior Research Fellow (JRF) to work in the Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical Systems (ICPS) - DST funded research project entitled “FPGA prototype of non-recursive key based cryptosystem for secure transmission of real time privacy signal”. Selected candidate will also be encouraged for the registration in Ph.D. program as per Institute rules.

Post: Junior Research Fellow (JRF)

Number of Posts: 1

Project Duration: 3 years or till the completion of the project, whichever is earlier (the position is purely temporary in nature and performance will be reviewed periodically) extendable on approval of ICPS, DST as per ICPS guidelines.

Stipend: 25,000 per month and HRA as admissible depending upon merits, suitability, qualifications and as per the ICPS, DST guidelines.

Essential Qualifications:

BE/B.Tech/ME/M.Tech in Electronics and Communication / VLSI / Computer Science / Information Technology or any other related subject with minimum CPI of 5.5 or 55% marks aggregate in the last degree.

Candidates having good academic and research background with GATE Qualification will be given preference.

Desirables: Candidates having knowledge of Communication/ FPGA (VHDL/Verilog) / Xilinx / Cryptography will be preferred.

Selection Procedure: Written Test (if found desirable by the selection committee) and Interview

How to Apply?

Completely filled application form along with detailed Biodata may be sent by e-mail to soundra.pandiankk (at) gmail.com and the hard copy to be brought on the date of interview. Please note that no TA/DA will be given to the candidates called for the interview.

Incomplete application or only CV shall not be entertained.

Last date for receipt of applications by email: January 31, 2019. Please note that the list of shortlisted candidates and date of interview shall be notified on the web portal after January 31, 2019.

Closing date for applications: 31 January 2019

Contact: Contact: Principal Investigator (PI)

Dr. K.K. Soundra Pandian

Department of Electronics and Communication, VLSI - Cryptography

Indian Institute of Information Technology Design & Manufacturing (IIITDM) Jabalpur

Dumna Airport Road, P.O. Khamaria,

Jabalpur-482005, Madhya Pradesh

Tel: (O): +91-0761-2794473

(M): +91-94446-08310

More information: https://www.iiitdmj.ac.in

Job Posting PhD student position/Early Stage Researcher Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic
The positions are offered within the A-WEAR European Joint Doctorate action of the highly appreciated EU-funded Marie Sk?odowska Curie grants. We offer high-class training and the possibility of PhD graduation with double or joint PhD certificate. The positions are fully funded for a 36-month period.

Tasks and objectives: Design and evaluate novel cryptographic technologies for the protection of privacy and digital identity of electronic users, in particular those providing attribute-based authentication in electronic systems; Ensure the user authenticity in dynamic wireless wearable architectures; Find solutions to solve the inefficient revocation of invalid users, the missing identification of malicious users and low performance on constrained devices, such as wearables; Test and benchmark the developed algorithms on existing wearable hardware devices, such as personal tags, smart watch, smart cards.

Closing date for applications: 28 February 2019

Contact: https://euraxess.ec.europa.eu/jobs/364125

More information: http://www.tut.fi/a-wear/recruitment/ESR13.pdf

1 January 2019
Job Posting Postdoc Research Fellow Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
The Cryptanalysis Taskforce research group at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore is seeking for candidates to fill one (senior) research fellow position (from fresh postdoc to senior researchers). The team focuses its research on symmetric-key cryptography, including but not limited to provable security, cryptanalysis, and design.

NTU Singapore offers globally competitive salary package with extremely low income tax and an excellent environment for research. The contract will be initially for one-year, and has the possibility to be extended subject to the performance and availability of funding. The position will be open until filled, interested candidates are to send their CV and 2 reference letters to Prof. Jian Guo. Further information about the research group can be found here: http://catf.crypto.sg

Closing date for applications: 31 May 2019

Contact: Jian Guo, Assistant Professor, guojian (at) ntu.edu.sg

31 December 2018
ePrint Report Fully Bideniable Interactive Encryption Ran Canetti, Sunoo Park, Oxana Poburinnaya
While standard encryption guarantees secrecy of the encrypted plaintext only against an attacker that has no knowledge of the communicating parties’ keys and randomness of encryption, deniable encryption [Canetti et al., Crypto’96] provides the additional guarantee that the plaintext remains secret even in face of authoritative entities that attempt to coerce (or bribe) communicating parties to expose their internal states, including the plaintexts, keys and randomness. To achieve this guarantee, deniable encryption is equipped with a faking algorithm which allows parties to generate fake keys and randomness that make the ciphertext appear consistent with any plaintext of the parties’ choice.

To date, only partial results were known: either deniability against coercing only the sender, or against coercing only the receiver [Sahai-Waters, STOC ‘14] or schemes satisfying weaker notions of deniability [O’Neil et al., Crypto ‘11].

In this paper we present the first fully bideniable interactive encryption scheme, thus resolving the 20-years-old open problem. Our scheme also satisfies an additional, incomparable to standard deniability, property called off-the-record deniability, which we introduce in this paper. This property guarantees that, even if the sender claims that one plaintext was used and the receiver claims a different one, the adversary has no way of figuring out who is lying - the sender, the receiver, or both. This is useful when parties don’t have means to agree on what fake plaintext to claim, or when one party defects against the other.

Our protocol has three messages, which is optimal [Bendlin et al., Asiacrypt’11], and works in a CRS model. We assume subexponential indistinguishability obfuscation (iO) and one way functions.
In relay attacks,a man-in-the-middle attacker gains access to a service by relaying the messages between two legitimate parties. Distance-bounding protocols are a countermeasure to relay attacks, whereby a verifier measures the round-trip time in exchanges with a prover.

Inspired by application-security definitions, we propose a new security model, OracleDB, distinguishing two prover-corruption types: black-box and white-box.

We use this distinction to settle the long-lasting arguments about terrorist-fraud resistance, by showing that it is irrelevant in both the black-box and white-box corruption models.

We then exhibit a security flaw in the PayPass protocol with relay protection, used in EMV contactless payments. We propose an extension to this industry-standard protocol, with only small modifications, and prove its security in our strongest adversary model.

Finally, we exhibit a new generalised distance-fraud attack strategy that defeats the security claims of at least 12 existing distance-bounding protocols.
Recent papers show how to construct polynomial invariant attacks for block ciphers, however almost all such results are somewhat weak: invariants are simple and low degree and the Boolean functions tend by very simple if not degenerate. Is there a better more realistic attack, with invariants of higher degree and which is likely to work with stronger Boolean functions? In this paper we show that such attacks exist and can be constructed explicitly through on the one side, the study of Fundamental Equation of eprint/2018/807, and on the other side, a study of the space of Annihilators of any given Boolean function. Our approach is suitable for backdooring a block cipher in presence of an arbitrarily strong Boolean function not chosen by the attacker. The attack is constructed using excessively simple paper and pencil maths.
ePrint Report Universally Composable Accumulators Foteini Baldimtsi, Ran Canetti, Sophia Yakoubov
Accumulators, first introduced by Benaloh and de Mare (Eurocrypt 1993), are compact representations of arbitrarily large sets and can be used to prove claims of membership or non-membership about the underlying set. They are almost exclusively used as building blocks in real-world complex systems, including anonymous credentials, group signatures and, more recently, anonymous cryptocurrencies. Having rigorous security analysis for such systems is crucial for their adoption and safe use in the real world, but it can turn out to be extremely challenging given their complexity. In this work, we provide the first universally composable (UC) treatment of cryptographic accumulators. There are many different types of accumulators: some support additions, some support deletions and some support both; and, orthogonally, some support proofs of membership, some support proofs of non-membership, and some support both. Our UC definition covers all of these types of accumulators concisely in a single functionality, and captures the two basic security properties of accumulators: correctness and soundness. We then prove the equivalence of our UC definition to standard accumulator definitions. This implies that existing popular accumulator schemes, such as the RSA accumulator, already meet our UC definition, and that the security proofs of existing systems that leverage such accumulators can be significantly simplified. Finally, we use our UC definition to get simple proofs of security. We build an accumulator in a modular way out of two weaker accumulators (in the style of Baldimtsi et al. (Euro S&P 2017), and we give a simple proof of its UC security. We also show how to simplify the proofs of security of complex systems such as anonymous credentials using our UC definition.
Imagine if, given a puzzle, you could encrypt a plaintext detailing the location of a prize reward such that he who solves the puzzle can use this solution to decrypt our prize information, without knowing the solution to the puzzle yourself.

The Jevil family of encryption systems is a novel set of real-world encryption systems based on the promising foundation of witness encryption. The first Jevil encryption systems comprise of Pentomino and Sudoku-based encryption, allowing for the encryption of plaintext such that solving a Pentomino or Sudoku puzzle yields to decryption. Jevil encryption systems are shown to be correct, secure and to achieve high performance with modest overhead.
ePrint Report Proof-of-Stake Sidechains Peter Gazi, Aggelos Kiayias, Dionysis Zindros
Sidechains have long been heralded as the key enabler of blockchain scalability and interoperability. However, no modeling of the concept or a provably secure construction has so far been attempted.

We provide the first formal definition of what a sidechain system is and how assets can be moved between sidechains securely. We put forth a security definition that augments the known transaction ledger properties of persistence and liveness to hold across multiple ledgers and enhance them with a new ``firewall'' security property which safeguards each blockchain from its sidechains, limiting the impact of an otherwise catastrophic sidechain failure.

We then provide a sidechain construction that is suitable for proof-of-stake (PoS) sidechain systems. As an exemplary concrete instantiation we present our construction for an epoch-based PoS system consistent with Ouroboros (Crypto~2017), the PoS blockchain protocol used in Cardano which is one of the largest pure PoS systems by market capitalisation, and we also comment how the construction can be adapted for other protocols such as Ouroboros Praos (Eurocrypt~2018), Ouroboros Genesis (CCS~2018), Snow White and Algorand. An important feature of our construction is {\em merged-staking} that prevents ``goldfinger'' attacks against a sidechain that is only carrying a small amount of stake. An important technique for pegging chains that we use in our construction is cross-chain certification which is facilitated by a novel cryptographic primitive we introduce called ad-hoc threshold multisignatures (ATMS) which may be of independent interest. We show how ATMS can be securely instantiated by regular and aggregate digital signatures as well as succinct arguments of knowledge such as STARKs and bulletproofs with varying degrees of storage efficiency.
ePrint Report Memory-Constrained Implementation of Lattice-based Encryption Scheme on the Standard Java Card Platform Ye Yuan, Kazuhide Fukushima, Junting Xiao, Shinsaku Kiyomoto, Tsuyoshi Takagi
Memory-constrained devices, including widely used smart cards, require resisting attacks by the quantum computers. Lattice-based encryption scheme possesses high efficiency and reliability which could run on small devices with limited storage capacity and computation resources such as IoT sensor nodes or smart cards. We present the first implementation of a lattice-based encryption scheme on the standard Java Card platform by combining number theoretic transform and improved Montgomery modular multiplication. The running time of decryption is nearly optimal (about 7 seconds for 128-bit security level). We also optimize discrete Ziggurat algorithm and Knuth-Yao algorithm to sample from prescribed probability distributions on the Java Card platform. More importantly, we indicate that polynomial multiplication can be performed on Java Card efficiently even if the long integers are not supported, which makes running more lattice-based cryptosystems on smart cards achievable.
30 December 2018
We present a general framework for representing cryptographic protocols and analyzing their security. The framework allows specifying the security requirements of practically any cryptographic task in a unified and systematic way. Furthermore, in this framework the security of protocols is maintained under a general protocol composition operation, called universal composition. The proposed framework with its security-preserving composition property allow for modular design and analysis of complex cryptographic protocols from relatively simple building blocks. Moreover, within this framework, protocols are guaranteed to maintain their security within any context, even in the presence of an unbounded number of arbitrary protocol instances that run concurrently in an adversarially controlled manner. This is a useful guarantee, that allows arguing about the security of cryptographic protocols in complex and unpredictable environments such as modern communication networks.
ePrint Report Sum-of-Squares Meets Program Obfuscation, Revisited Boaz Barak, Samuel B. Hopkins, Aayush Jain, Pravesh Kothari, Amit Sahai
We develop attacks on the security of variants of pseudo-random generators computed by quadratic polynomials. In particular we give a general condition for breaking the one-way property of mappings where every output is a quadratic polynomial (over the reals) of the input. As a corollary, we break the degree-2 candidates for security assumptions recently proposed for constructing indistinguishability obfuscation by Ananth, Jain and Sahai (ePrint 2018) and Agrawal (ePrint 2018). We present conjectures that would imply our attacks extend to a wider variety of instances, and in particular offer experimental evidence that they break assumption of Lin-Matt (ePrint 2018).

Our algorithms use semidefinite programming, and in particular, results on low-rank recovery (Recht, Fazel, Parrilo 2007) and matrix completion (Gross 2009).
In 1994, Feige, Kilian, and Naor proposed a simple protocol for secure $3$-way comparison of integers $a$ and $b$ from the range $[0,2]$. Their observation is that for $p=7$, the Legendre symbol $(x | p)$ coincides with the sign of $x$ for $x=a-b\in[-2,2]$, thus reducing secure comparison to secure evaluation of the Legendre symbol. More recently, in 2011, Yu generalized this idea to handle secure comparisons for integers from substantially larger ranges $[0,d]$, essentially by searching for primes for which the Legendre symbol coincides with the sign function on $[-d,d]$.

In this paper, we present new comparison protocols based on the Legendre symbol that additionally employ some form of error correction. We relax the prime search by requiring that the Legendre symbol encodes the sign function in a noisy fashion only. Practically, we use the majority vote over a window of $2k+1$ adjacent Legendre symbols, for small positive integers $k$. Our technique significantly increases the comparison range: e.g., for a modulus of $60$ bits, $d$ increases by a factor of $2.9$ (for $k=1$) and $5.4$ (for $k=2$) respectively. We give a practical method to find primes with suitable noisy encodings.

We demonstrate the practical relevance of our comparison protocol by applying it in a secure neural network classifier for the MNIST dataset. Concretely, we discuss a secure multiparty computation based on the binarized multi-layer perceptron of Hubara et al., using our comparison for the second and third layers.

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