International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

IACR News item: 21 October 2019

Zhao Chunhuan, Zheng Zhongxiang, Wang Xiaoyun, Xu Guangwu
ePrint Report ePrint Report
As a fundamental tool in lattice-based cryptosystems, discrete Gaussian samplers play important roles in both efficiency and security of lattice-based schemes. Approximate discrete rounded Gaussian sampler, central binomial sampler and bounded uniform sampler are three types of error samplers that are commonly used in the designs of various schemes. However, known cryptanalytics about error samplers concentrate on their standard deviations and no analysis about distinct structures of distributions have been proposed. In this paper, we address this problem by considering the dual attack for LWE instances and investigating Fourier transforms of these distributions. We introduce the concept of local width which enables us to get a more detailed look of these distributions and the distinguish advantages. We make an analysis of dual attack for different distributions and provide a novel measure model to describe the differences. Within this refined framework, we also propose a novel type of error sampler which can achieve high efficiency, security as well as flexibility.

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