International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Robert Ronan


Hardware Implementation of the $\eta_T$ Pairing in Characteristic 3
Recently, there have been many proposals for secure and novel cryptographic protocols that are built on bilinear pairings. The $\eta_T$ pairing is one such pairing and is closely related to the Tate pairing. In this paper we consider the efficient hardware implementation of this pairing in characteristic 3. All characteristic 3 operations required to compute the pairing are outlined in detail. An efficient, flexible and reconfigurable processor for the $\eta_T$ pairing in characteristic 3 is presented and discussed. The processor can easily be tailored for a low area implementation, for a high throughput implementation, or for a balance between the two. Results are provided for various configurations of the processor when implemented over the field $\mathbb{F}_{3^{97}}$ on an FPGA. As far as we are aware, the processor returns the first characteristic 3 $\eta_T$ pairing in hardware that includes a final exponentiation to a unique value.
A Dedicated Processor for the eta Pairing
The $\eta$ pairing is an efficient computation technique based on a generalization of the Duursma Lee method for calculating the Tate pairing. The pairing can be computed very efficiently on genus 2 hyperelliptic curves. In this paper it is demonstrated that this pairing operation is well suited to a dedicated parallel hardware implementation. An $\eta$ pairing processor is described in detail and the architectures required for such a system are discussed. Prototype implementation results are presented over a base field of $\mathbb{F}_{2^{103}}$ and the advantages of implementing the pairing on the dedicated processor are discussed.