UICE: A High-Performance Cryptographic Module for SoC and RFID Applications
In order to overcome proprietary algorithms with respect to the system manufacturers, a free cryptographic module, the Universal Immobilizer Crypto Engine (UICE), will be proposed. This UICE algorithm is tailored to 8-bit microprocessor architectures and is therefore very fast in software and hardware. The dedicated hardware implementation leads to a small gate count, because the registers for input and output are shared. The important non-linear function, here an 8 x 8 S-Box, may be built as a gate array or small ROM with the advantage of flexibility. Several tests – statistical and random-number tests - have been performed in order to analyze the strength properties of the algorithm. So far no weakness was found after ten rounds of encryption. Although this cryptographic module was intentionally developed for Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) systems, it is a proper choice for all systems needing embedded cryptography such as SoC with bus encryption or firmware to be secured. RFID-Systems have become commonplace in access control and security applications, the usage and importance of cryptographic co-processors in RFID transponder devices has grown significantly. Improved vehicle security systems, also known as immobilizers, are required due to increased vehicle theft worldwide. Such devices provide high security at low cost and low power.
Hermes8 : A Low-Complexity Low-Power Stream Cipher
Since stream ciphers have the reputation to be inefficient in software applications the new stream cipher Hermes8 has been developed. It is based on a 8-bit-architecture and an algorithm with low complexity. The two versions presented here are Hermes8-80 with 23 byte state and 10 byte key and furthermore Hermes8-128 with 37 byte state and 16 byte key. Both are suited to run efficiently on 8-bit micro computers and dedicated hardware (e.g. for embedded systems). The estimated performance is up to one encrypted byte per 118 CPU cycles and one encrypted byte per nine cycles in hardware. The clarity and low complexity of the design supports cryptanalytic methods. The 8x8 sized S-BOX provides the non-linear function needed for proper confusion. Hermes8 uses the well-established AES S-BOX, but works also excellent with well-designed random S-BOXes. Hermes8 withstands so far several attacks by means of statistical tests, e.g. the Strict Avalanche Criterion and FIPS 140-2 are met successfully.