One-round and authenticated three-party multiple key exchange protocol from parings
One round three-party authenticated key exchange protocols are extremely important to secure communications and are now extensively adopted in network communications. These protocols allow users to communicate securely over public networks simply by using easy-to-remember long-term private keys. In 2001, Harn and Lin proposed an authentication key exchange protocol in which two parties generate four shared keys in one round, and three of these keys can provide perfect forward secrecy.This work,which aims to generalize two-party multiple key agreement sets to three-party key agreement sets,presents a three-party multiple key exchange protocol based on bilinear pairing.The proposed protocol does not require server's public key and requires only a single round. Compared with existing protocols, the proposed protocol is more efficient and provide greater security.
Two improved authenticated multiple key exchange protocols
Many authenticated multiple key exchange protocols were published in recent years. In 2008, Lee et al. presented an authenticated multiple key exchange protocol based on bilinear pairings. However, Vo et al. demonstrated an impersonation attack on the protocol , and it failed to provide authenticity and perfect forward secrecy as they had claimed. Later, Vo et al. proposed their enhancement protocol conforming which conforms to all desirable security properties. But, Vo's protocol required any party had held the public key each other, which required a large amount of storage. In this paper, we propose two new authenticated multiple key exchange protocols based on Lee's protocol, and makes them immune against Vo et al.'s attacks.
Embedded Extended Visual Cryptography Schemes
Visual cryptography scheme (VCS) is a kind of secret sharing scheme which allows the encoding of a secret image into n shares that distributed to n participants. The beauty of such scheme is that a set of qualified participants is able to recover the secret image without any cryptographic knowledge and computation devices. Extended visual cryptography scheme (EVCS) is a kind of VCS which consists of meaningful shares (compared to the random shares of traditional VCS). In this paper, we propose a construction of EVCS which is realized by embedding random shares into meaningful covering shares, and we call it the embedded extended visual cryptography scheme (embedded EVCS). Experimental results compare some of the well-known EVCS's proposed in recent years systematically, and show that the proposed embedded EVCS has competitive visual quality compared with many of the well-known EVCS's in the literature. Besides, it has many specific advantages against these well-known EVCS's respectively.
- Chuankun Wu (1)