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Paper: Optimizing Authenticated Garbling for Faster Secure Two-Party Computation

Authors:
Jonathan Katz
Samuel Ranellucci
Mike Rosulek
Xiao Wang
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DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96878-0_13
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Conference: CRYPTO 2018
Abstract: Wang et al. (CCS 2017) recently proposed a protocol for malicious secure two-party computation that represents the state-of-the-art with regard to concrete efficiency in both the single-execution and amortized settings, with or without preprocessing. We show here several optimizations of their protocol that result in a significant improvement in the overall communication and running time. Specifically:We show how to make the “authenticated garbling” at the heart of their protocol compatible with the half-gate optimization of Zahur et al. (Eurocrypt 2015). We also show how to avoid sending an information-theoretic MAC for each garbled row. These two optimizations give up to a 2.6$$\times $$× improvement in communication, and make the communication of the online phase essentially equivalent to that of state-of-the-art semi-honest secure computation.We show various optimizations to their protocol for generating AND triples that, overall, result in a 1.5$$\times $$× improvement in the communication and a 2$$\times $$× improvement in the computation for that step.
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BibTeX
@inproceedings{crypto-2018-28792,
  title={Optimizing Authenticated Garbling for Faster Secure Two-Party Computation},
  booktitle={Advances in Cryptology – CRYPTO 2018},
  series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
  publisher={Springer},
  volume={10993},
  pages={365-391},
  doi={10.1007/978-3-319-96878-0_13},
  author={Jonathan Katz and Samuel Ranellucci and Mike Rosulek and Xiao Wang},
  year=2018
}