## CryptoDB

### Paper: New Techniques for Efficient Trapdoor Functions and Applications

Authors: Sanjam Garg Romain Gay Mohammad Hajiabadi DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-17659-4_2 Search ePrint Search Google We develop techniques for constructing trapdoor functions (TDFs) with short image size and advanced security properties. Our approach builds on the recent framework of Garg and Hajiabadi [CRYPTO 2018]. As applications of our techniques, we obtainThe first construction of deterministic-encryption schemes for block-source inputs (both for the CPA and CCA cases) based on the Computational Diffie-Hellman (CDH) assumption. Moreover, by applying our efficiency-enhancing techniques, we obtain CDH-based schemes with ciphertext size linear in plaintext size.The first construction of lossy TDFs based on the Decisional Diffie-Hellman (DDH) assumption with image size linear in input size, while retaining the lossiness rate of [Peikert-Waters STOC 2008]. Prior to our work, all constructions of deterministic encryption based even on the stronger DDH assumption incurred a quadratic gap between the ciphertext and plaintext sizes. Moreover, all DDH-based constructions of lossy TDFs had image size quadratic in the input size.At a high level, we break the previous quadratic barriers by introducing a novel technique for encoding input bits via hardcore output bits with the use of erasure-resilient codes. All previous schemes used group elements for encoding input bits, resulting in quadratic expansions.
##### BibTeX
@article{eurocrypt-2019-29380,
title={New Techniques for Efficient Trapdoor Functions and Applications},
booktitle={Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2019},
series={Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2019},
publisher={Springer},
volume={11478},
pages={33-63},
doi={10.1007/978-3-030-17659-4_2},