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Paper: SiGamal: A supersingular isogeny-based PKE and its application to a PRF

Authors:
Tomoki Moriya
Hiroshi Onuki
Tsuyoshi Takagi
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DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-64834-3_19
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Abstract: We propose two new supersingular isogeny-based public key encryptions: SiGamal and C-SiGamal. They were developed by giving an additional point of the order $2^r$ to CSIDH. SiGamal is similar to ElGamal encryption, while C-SiGamal is a compressed version of SiGamal. We prove that SiGamal and C-SiGamal are IND-CPA secure without using hash functions under a new assumption: the P-CSSDDH assumption. This assumption comes from the expectation that no efficient algorithm can distinguish between a random point and a point that is the image of a public point under a hidden isogeny. Next, we propose a Naor-Reingold type pseudo random function (PRF) based on SiGamal. If the P-CSSDDH assumption and the CSSDDH$^*$ assumption, which guarantees the security of CSIDH that uses a prime $p$ in the setting of SiGamal, hold, then our proposed function is a pseudo random function. Moreover, we estimate that the computational costs of group actions to compute our proposed PRF are about $\sqrt{\frac{8T}{3\pi}}$ times that of the group actions in CSIDH, where $T$ is the Hamming weight of the input of the PRF. Finally, we experimented with group actions in SiGamal and C-SiGamal. The computational costs of group actions in SiGamal-512 with a $256$-bit plaintext message space were about $2.62$ times that of a group action in CSIDH-512.
Video from ASIACRYPT 2020
BibTeX
@article{asiacrypt-2020-30662,
  title={SiGamal: A supersingular isogeny-based PKE and its application to a PRF},
  booktitle={Advances in Cryptology - ASIACRYPT 2020},
  publisher={Springer},
  doi={10.1007/978-3-030-64834-3_19},
  author={Tomoki Moriya and Hiroshi Onuki and Tsuyoshi Takagi},
  year=2020
}