International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Saud Al Musa


Double-Base Chains for Scalar Multiplications on Elliptic Curves 📺
Wei Yu Saud Al Musa Bao Li
Double-base chains (DBCs) are widely used to speed up scalar multiplications on elliptic curves. We present three results of DBCs. First, we display a structure of the set containing all DBCs and propose an iterative algorithm to compute the number of DBCs for a positive integer. This is the first polynomial time algorithm to compute the number of DBCs for positive integers. Secondly, we present an asymptotic lower bound on average Hamming weights of DBCs $\frac{\log n}{8.25}$ for a positive integer $n$. This result answers an open question about the Hamming weights of DBCs. Thirdly, we propose a new algorithm to generate an optimal DBC for any positive integer. The time complexity of this algorithm is $\mathcal{O}\left(\left(\log n\right)^2 \log\log n\right)$ bit operations and the space complexity is $\mathcal{O}\left(\left(\log n\right)^{2}\right)$ bits of memory. This algorithm accelerates the recoding procedure by more than $6$ times compared to the state-of-the-art Bernstein, Chuengsatiansup, and Lange's work. The Hamming weights of optimal DBCs are over $60$\% smaller than those of NAFs. Experimental results show that scalar multiplication using our optimal DBC is about $13$\% faster than that using non-adjacent form on elliptic curves over large prime fields.


Bao Li (1)
Wei Yu (1)