International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Ji Won Yoon


Discretization Error Reduction for High Precision Torus Fully Homomorphic Encryption
Kang Hoon Lee Ji Won Yoon
In recent history of fully homomorphic encryption, bootstrapping has been actively studied throughout many HE schemes. As bootstrapping is an essential process to transform somewhat homomorphic encryption schemes into fully homomorphic, enhancing its performance is one of the key factors of improving the utility of homomorphic encryption. In this paper, we propose an extended bootstrapping for TFHE, which we name it by \EBS. One of the main drawback of TFHE bootstrapping was that the precision of bootstrapping is mainly decided by the polynomial dimension $N$. Thus if one wants to bootstrap with high precision, one must enlarge $N$, or take alternative method. Our \EBS enables to use small $N$ for parameter selection, but to bootstrap in higher dimension to keep high precision. Moreover, it can be easily parallelized for faster computation. Also, the \EBS can be easily adapted to other known variants of TFHE bootstrappings based on the original bootstrapping algorithm. We implement our \EBS along with the full domain bootstrapping methods known ($\mathsf{FDFB}$, $\mathsf{TOTA}$, $\mathsf{Comp}$), and show how much our \EBS can improve the precision for those bootstrapping methods. We provide experimental results and thorough analysis with our \EBS, and show that \EBS is capable of bootstrapping with high precision even with small $N$, thus small key size, and small complexity than selecting large $N$ by birth.


Kang Hoon Lee (1)