The arithmetic of characteristic 2 Kummer surfaces
The purpose of this paper is a description of a model of Kummer surfaces in characteristic 2, together with the associated formulas for the pseudo-group law. Since the classical model has bad reduction, a renormalization of the parameters is required, that can be justified using the theory of algebraic theta functions. The formulas that are obtained are very efficient and may be useful in cryptographic applications. We also show that applying the same strategy to elliptic curves gives Montgomery-like formulas in odd characteristic that are of some interest, and we recover already known formulas by Stam in characteristic 2.
A Tunable Broadcast Encryption Scheme
In this paper, we describe yet another broadcast encryption scheme for stateless receivers. The main difference between our scheme and the classical schemes derived from the complete subtree and its subsequent improvements is that in our scheme the group management is based upon a more adaptable data structure. In these classical schemes, users must be spread on a tree structure where each level of the tree is associated to some distinguishing property of the users. The fact that the underlying data structure is a fixed tree is a strong limitation for some applications where an operator wants to select users very dynamically following criterions with changing levels of priority. Our scheme may be thought as if in the complete subtree it would be possible to exchange the different level of the tree in order to make it very efficient to revoke or select a class of users. It is also very efficient in the cases where there exists very unbalanced groups of users. This scheme allows one to select or revoke users by sending ciphertexts of linear size with respect to the number of groups which is in general far less than the number of users. Moreover, by using a specific group repartition, it is possible to recover a tree structure in order to apply the classical methods which guarantee that our scheme is in general as efficient as a usual ones. We prove that our scheme is fully collusion secure in the generic group with pairing model.