International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Jianting Ning


Improved Fully Adaptive Decentralized MA-ABE for NC1 from MDDH
We improve the first and the only existing prime-order fully adaptively secure decentralized Multi-Authority Attribute-Based Encryption (MA-ABE) scheme for NC1 in Datta-Komargodski-Waters [Eurocrypt '23]. Compared with Datta-Komargodski-Waters, our decentralized MA-ABE scheme extra enjoys shorter parameters and meanwhile supports many-use of attribute. Shorter parameters is always the goal for Attribute-Based Encryption (ABE), and many-use of attribute is a native property of decentralized MA-ABE for NC1. Our scheme relies on the Matrix Decision Diffie-Hellman (MDDH) assumption and is in the random oracle model, as Datta-Komargodski-Waters.
Identity-Based Encryption for Fair Anonymity Applications: Defining, Implementing, and Applying Rerandomizable RCCA-secure IBE 📺
Our context is anonymous encryption schemes hiding their receiver, but in a setting which allows authorities to reveal the receiver when needed. While anonymous Identity-Based Encryption (IBE) is a natural candidate for such fair anonymity (it gives trusted authority access by design), the {\it de facto} security standard (a.k.a. IND-ID-CCA) is incompatible with the ciphertext rerandomizability which is crucial to anonymous communication. Thus, we seek to extend IND-ID-CCA security for IBE to a notion that can be meaningfully relaxed for rerandomizability while it still protects against active adversaries. To the end, inspired by the notion of replayable adaptive chosen-ciphertext attack (RCCA) security (Canetti {\it et al.}, Crypto'03), we formalize a new security notion called Anonymous Identity-Based RCCA (ANON-ID-RCCA) security for rerandomizable IBE and propose the first construction with rigorous security analysis. The core of our scheme is a novel extension of the double-strand paradigm, which was originally proposed by Golle {\it et al.} (CT-RSA'04) and later extended by Prabhakaran and Rosulek (Crypto'07), to the well-known Gentry-IBE (Eurocrypt'06). Notably, our scheme is the first IBE that simultaneously satisfies adaptive security, rerandomizability, and recipient-anonymity to date. As the application of our new notion, we design a new universal mixnet in the identity-based setting that does not require public key distribution (with fair anonymity). More generally, our new notion is also applicable to most existing rerandomizable RCCA-secure applications to eliminate the need for public key distribution infrastructure while allowing fairness.