International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Paper: On Pseudorandom Encodings

Thomas Agrikola
Geoffroy Couteau
Yuval Ishai
Stanislaw Jarecki
Amit Sahai
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Presentation: Slides
Abstract: We initiate a study of \emph{pseudorandom encodings}: efficiently computable and decodable encoding functions that map messages from a given distribution to a random-looking distribution. For instance, every distribution that can be perfectly compressed admits such a pseudorandom encoding. Pseudorandom encodings are motivated by a variety of cryptographic applications, including password-authenticated key exchange, ``honey encryption'' and steganography. The main question we ask is whether \emph{every} efficiently samplable distribution admits a pseudorandom encoding. Under different cryptographic assumptions, we obtain positive and negative answers for different flavors of pseudorandom encodings, and relate this question to problems in other areas of cryptography. In particular, by establishing a two-way relation between pseudorandom encoding schemes and efficient invertible sampling algorithms, we reveal a connection between adaptively secure multi-party computation and questions in the domain of steganography.
Video from TCC 2020
  title={On Pseudorandom Encodings},
  booktitle={Theory of Cryptography},
  author={Thomas Agrikola and Geoffroy Couteau and Yuval Ishai and Stanislaw Jarecki and Amit Sahai},