International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Qianhong Wu


Identity-Based Authenticated Asymmetric Group Key Agreement Protocol
In identity-based public-key cryptography, an entity's public key can be easily derived from its identity. The direct derivation of public keys in identity-based public-key cryptography eliminates the need for certificates and solves certain public key management problems in traditional public-key cryptosystems. Recently, the notion of asymmetric group key agreement was introduced, in which the group members merely negotiate a common encryption key which is accessible to any entity, but they hold respective secret decryption keys. In this paper, we first propose a security model for identity-based authenticated asymmetric group key agreement (IB-AAGKA) protocols. We then propose an IB-AAGKA protocol which is proven secure under the Bilinear Di±e-Hellman Exponent assumption. Our protocol is also efficient, and readily adaptable to provide broadcast encryption.
Group Decryption
Anonymity is one of the main concerns in group-oriented cryptography. However, most efforts, for instance, group signatures and ring signatures, are only made to provide anonymity on the sender's point of view. There is only a few work done to ensure anonymity in a cryptographic sense on the recipient's point of view n group-oriented communications. In this paper, we formalize the notion of group decryptions. It can be viewed as an analogousof group signatures in the context of public key encryptions. In this notion, a sender can encrypt a committed message intended to any member of a group, managed by a group manager, while the recipient of the ciphertext remains anonymous. The sender can convince a verifier about this fact without leaking the plaintext or the identity of the recipient. If required, the group manager can verifiably open the identity of the recipient. We propose an efficient group decryption scheme that is proven secure in the random oracle model. The overhead in both computation and communication is independent of the group size. A full ciphertex is about 0.2K bytes in a typical implementation and the scheme is practical to protect the recipient identity in privacy-sensitive group-oriented communications.