International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Jan Pelzl

Affiliation: escrypt GmbH - Embedded Security

Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2008
EPRINT
Software Implementation of Genus-2 Hyperelliptic Curve Cryptosystems Over Prime Fields
This paper describes the system parameters and software implementation of a HECDSA cryptosystem based on genus-2 hyperelliptic curves over prime fields. We show how to reduce the computational complexity for special cases and compare the given cryptosystem with the well-known ECDSA cryptosystem based on elliptic curves.
2006
CHES
2006
EPRINT
A Simpler Sieving Device: Combining ECM and TWIRL
A main obstacle in manufacturing the TWIRL device for realizing the sieving step of the Number Field Sieve is the sophisticated chip layout. Especially the logic for logging and recovering large prime factors found during sieving adds significantly to the layout complexity. We describe a device building on the Elliptic Curve Method (ECM) that for parameters of interest enables the replacement of the complete logging part in TWIRL by an off-wafer postprocessing. The postprocessing is done in real time, leaving the total sieving time basically unchanged. The proposed device is an optimized ECM implementation building on curves chosen to cope with factor sizes as expected in the output of TWIRL. According to our preliminary analysis, for the relation collection step expected for a 1024-bit factorization our design is realizable with current fab technology at very moderate cost. The proposed ECM engine also finds the vast majority of the needed cofactor factorizations. In summary, we think the proposed device to enable a significant decrease of TWIRL's layout complexity and therewith its cost.
2005
CHES
2003
CHES
2003
EPRINT
Hyperelliptic Curve Cryptosystems: Closing the Performance Gap to Elliptic Curves (Update)
For most of the time since they were proposed, it was widely believed that hyperelliptic curve cryptosystems (HECC) carry a substantial performance penalty compared to elliptic curve cryptosystems (ECC) and are, thus, not too attractive for practical applications. Only quite recently improvements have been made, mainly restricted to curves of genus 2. The work at hand advances the state-of-the-art considerably in several aspects. First, we generalize and improve the closed formulae for the group operation of genus 3 for HEC defined over fields of characteristic two. For certain curves we achieve over 50% complexity improvement compared to the best previously published results. Second, we introduce a new complexity metric for ECC and HECC defined over characteristic two fields which allow performance comparisons of practical relevance. It can be shown that the HECC performance is in the range of the performance of an ECC; for specific parameters HECC can even possess a lower complexity than an ECC at the same security level. Third, we describe the first implementation of a HEC cryptosystem on an embedded (ARM7) processor. Since HEC are particularly attractive for constrained environments, such a case study should be of relevance.
2003
EPRINT
Low Cost Security: Explicit Formulae for Genus 4 Hyperelliptic Curves
It is widely believed that genus four hyperelliptic curve cryptosystems (HECC) are not attractive for practical applications because of their complexity compared to systems based on lower genera, especially elliptic curves. Our contribution shows that for low cost security applications genus-4 hyperelliptic curves (HEC) can outperform genus-2 HEC and that we can achieve a performance similar to genus-3 HEC. Furthermore our implementation results show that a genus-4 HECC is an alternative cryptosystem to systems based on elliptic curves. In the work at hand we present for the first time explicit formulae for genus-4 HEC, resulting in a 60% speed-up compared to the best published results. In addition we implemented genus-4 HECC on a Pentium4 and an ARM microprocessor. Our implementations on the ARM show that for genus four HECC are only a factor of 1.66 slower than genus-2 curves considering group order ~2^{190}. For the same group order ECC and genus-3 HECC are about a factor of 2 faster than genus-4 curves on the ARM. The two most surprising results are: 1) for low cost security application, namely considering an underlying group of order 2^{128}, HECC with genus 4 outperform genus-2 curves by a factor of 1.46 and has similar performance to genus-3 curves on the ARM and 2) when compared to genus-2 and genus-3, genus-4 HECC are better suited to embedded microprocessors than to general purpose processors.
2003
EPRINT
High Performance Arithmetic for Hyperelliptic Curve Cryptosystems of Genus Two
Nowadays, there exists a manifold variety of cryptographic applications: from low level embedded crypto implementations up to high end cryptographic engines for servers. The latter require a flexible implementation of a variety of cryptographic primitives in order to be capable of communicating with several clients. On the other hand, on the client it only requires an implementation of one specific algorithm with fixed parameters such as a fixed field size or fixed curve parameters if using ECC/ HECC. In particular for embedded environments like PDAs or mobile communication devices, fixing these parameters can be crucial regarding speed and power consumption. In this contribution, we propose a highly efficient algorithm for a hyperelliptic curve cryptosystem of genus two, well suited for these constraint devices. In recent years, a lot of effort was made to speed up arithmetic on genus-2 HEC. This work is based on the work of Lange and presents a major improvement of HECC arithmetic for curves defined over fields of characteristic two. We optimized the group doubling operation for certain types of genus-2 curves and we were able to reduce the number of required multiplications to a total of 9 multiplications. The saving in multiplications is 47% for the cost of one additional squaring. Thus, the efficiency of the whole cryptosystem was drastically increased.