International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Rainer Steinwandt

Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2018
TCHES
Extending Glitch-Free Multiparty Protocols to Resist Fault Injection Attacks
Side channel analysis and fault attacks are two powerful methods to analyze and break cryptographic implementations. At CHES 2011, Roche and Prouff applied secure multiparty computation to prevent side-channel attacks. While multiparty computation is known to be fault-resistant as well, the particular scheme used for side-channel protection does not currently offer this feature. This work introduces a new secure multiparty circuit to prevent both fault injection attacks and sidechannel analysis. The new scheme extends the Roche and Prouff scheme to make faults detectable. Arithmetic operations have been redesigned to propagate fault information until a new secrecy-preserving fault detection can be performed. A new recombination operation ensures randomization of the output in the case of a fault, ensuring that nothing can be learned from the faulty output. The security of the new scheme is proved in the ISW probing model, using the reformulated t-SNI security notion. Besides the new scheme and its security proof, we also present an extensive performance analysis, including a proof-of-concept, software-based AES implementation featuring the masking technique to resist both fault and side-channel attacks at the same time. The performance analysis for different security levels are given for the ARM-M0+ MCU with its memory requirements. A comprehensive leakage analysis shows that a careful implementation of the scheme achieves the expected security level.
2015
EPRINT
2015
EPRINT
2015
EPRINT
2014
EPRINT
2011
JOFC
2010
EPRINT
Attribute-based group key establishment
Rainer Steinwandt Adriana Suárez Corona
Motivated by the problem of establishing a session key among parties based on the possession of certain credentials only, we discuss a notion of attribute-based key establishment. A number of new issues arise in this setting that are not present in the usual settings of group key establishment where unique user identities are assumed to be publicly available. After detailing the security model, we give a two-round solution in the random oracle model. As main technical tool we introduce a notion of attribute-based signcryption, which may be of independent interest. We show that the type of signcryption needed can be realized through the encrypt-then-sign paradigm. Further, we discuss additional guarantees of the proposed protocol, that can be interpreted in terms of deniability and privacy.
2009
EPRINT
Multi-authority attribute based encryption with honest-but-curious central authority
An attribute based encryption scheme capable of handling multiple authorities was recently proposed by Chase. The scheme is built upon a single-authority attribute based encryption scheme presented earlier by Sahai and Waters. Chase’s construction uses a trusted central authority that is inherently capable of decrypting arbitrary ciphertexts created within the system. We present a multi-authority attribute based encryption scheme in which only the set of recipients defined by the encrypting party can decrypt a corresponding ciphertext. The central authority is viewed as “honest-but-curious”: on the one hand it honestly follows the protocol, and on the other hand it is curious to decrypt arbitrary ciphertexts thus violating the intent of the encrypting party. The proposed scheme, which like its predecessors relies on the Bilinear Diffie-Hellman assumption, has a complexity comparable to that of Chase’s scheme. We prove that our scheme is secure in the selective ID model and can tolerate an honest-but-curious central authority.
2008
EPRINT
Cryptanalysis of an Authentication Scheme Using Truncated Polynomials
Markus Grassl Rainer Steinwandt
An attack on a recently proposed authentication scheme of Shpilrain and Ushakov is presented. The public information allows the derivation of a system of polynomial equations for the secret key bits. Our attack uses simple elimination techniques to distill linear equations. For the proposed parameter choice, the attack often finds secret keys or alternative secret keys within minutes with moderate resources.
2008
EPRINT
Combined (identity-based) public key schemes
Consider a scenario in which parties use a public key encryption scheme and a signature scheme with a single public key/private key pair---so the private key sk is used for both signing and decrypting. Such a simultaneous use of a key is in general considered poor cryptographic practice, but from an efficiency point of view looks attractive. We offer security notions to analyze such violations of key separation. For both the identity- and the non-identity-based setting, we show that---although being insecure in general---for schemes of interest the resulting combined (identity-based) public key scheme can offer strong security guarantees.
2007
EUROCRYPT
2007
TCC
2007
EPRINT
Cryptanalysis of a Hash Function Proposed at ICISC 2006
Willi Geiselmann Rainer Steinwandt
A simple method for constructing collisions for Shpilrain’s polynomial-based hash function from ICISC 2006 is presented. The attack relies on elementary linear algebra and can be considered as practical: For the parameters suggested, we give a specific collision, computed by means of a computer algebra system.
2006
EPRINT
Password-Authenticated Constant-Round Group Key Establishment with a Common Reference String
A provably secure password-authenticated protocol for group key establishment in the common reference string (CRS) model is presented. Our construction assumes the participating users to share a common password and combines smooth hashing as introduced by Cramer and Shoup with a construction of Burmester and Desmedt. Our protocol is constant-round. Namely, it is a three-round protocol that can be seen as generalization of a two-party proposal of Gennaro and Lindell.
2006
EPRINT
Towards Provably Secure Group Key Agreement Building on Group Theory
Known proposals for key establishment schemes based on combinatorial group theory are often formulated in a rather informal manner. Typically, issues like the choice of a session identifier and parallel protocol executions are not addressed, and no security proof in an established model is provided. Successful attacks against proposed parameter sets for braid groups further decreased the attractivity of combinatorial group theory as a candidate platform for cryptography. We present a 2-round group key agreement protocol that can be proven secure in the random oracle model if a certain group-theoretical problem is hard. The security proof builds on a framework of Bresson et al., and explicitly addresses some issues concerning malicious insiders and also forward secrecy. While being designed as a tool for basing group key agreement on non-abelian groups, our framework also yields a 2-round group key agreement basing on a Computational Diffie-Hellman assumption.
2006
EPRINT
A Simpler Sieving Device: Combining ECM and TWIRL
A main obstacle in manufacturing the TWIRL device for realizing the sieving step of the Number Field Sieve is the sophisticated chip layout. Especially the logic for logging and recovering large prime factors found during sieving adds significantly to the layout complexity. We describe a device building on the Elliptic Curve Method (ECM) that for parameters of interest enables the replacement of the complete logging part in TWIRL by an off-wafer postprocessing. The postprocessing is done in real time, leaving the total sieving time basically unchanged. The proposed device is an optimized ECM implementation building on curves chosen to cope with factor sizes as expected in the output of TWIRL. According to our preliminary analysis, for the relation collection step expected for a 1024-bit factorization our design is realizable with current fab technology at very moderate cost. The proposed ECM engine also finds the vast majority of the needed cofactor factorizations. In summary, we think the proposed device to enable a significant decrease of TWIRL's layout complexity and therewith its cost.
2006
EPRINT
Non-Wafer-Scale Sieving Hardware for the NFS: Another Attempt to Cope with 1024-bit
Willi Geiselmann Rainer Steinwandt
Significant progress in the design of special purpose hardware for supporting the Number Field Sieve (NFS) has been made. From a practical cryptanalytic point of view, however, none of the published proposals for coping with the sieving step is satisfying. Even for the best known designs, the technological obstacles faced for the parameters expected for a 1024-bit RSA modulus are significant. Below we present a new hardware design for implementing the sieving step. The suggested chips are of moderate size and the inter-chip communication does not seem unrealistic. According to our preliminary analysis of the 1024-bit case, we expect the new design to be about 2 to 3.5 times slower than TWIRL (a wafer-scale design). Due to the more moderate technological requirements, however, from a practical cryptanalytic point of view the new design seems to be no less attractive than TWIRL.
2005
CHES
2005
TCC
2005
EPRINT
Burmester-Desmedt Tree-Based Key Transport Revisited: Provable Security
A tree-based key transport protocol is presented which can be seen as a generalizing variant of the star- and tree-based protocols proposed by Burmester and Desmedt at EUROCRYPT '94. Our scheme does not rely on the availability of globally verifiable signatures or arbitrary point-to-point connections, and its security against active adversaries is proven in the standard model under the Decision Diffie Hellman assumption.
2005
EPRINT
Secure Group Key Establishment Revisited
We examine the popular proof models for group key establishment of Bresson et al. and point out missing security properties that are present in some models for two-party key establishment. These properties are actually of more importance in group key establishments due to the possibility of malicious insiders. We show that established group key establishment schemes from CRYPTO 2003 and ASIACRYPT 2004 do not fully meet these new requirements. Next to giving a formal definition of these extended security properties, we prove a variant of the explored proposal from ASIACRYPT 2004 secure in this stricter sense.
2005
EPRINT
A Practical Attack on the Root Problem in Braid Groups
Anja Groch Dennis Hofheinz Rainer Steinwandt
Using a simple heuristic approach to the root problem in braid groups, we show that cryptographic parameters proposed in this context must be considered as insecure. In our experiments we can, often within seconds, extract the secret key of an authentication system based on the root problem in braid groups.
2004
EPRINT
Pitfalls in public key cryptosystems based on free partially commutative monoids and groups
Maria Isabel Gonzalez Vasco Rainer Steinwandt
At INDOCRYPT 2003 Abisha, Thomas, and Subramanian proposed two public key schemes based on word problems in free partially commutative monoids and groups. We show that both proposals are vulnerable to chosen ciphertext attacks, and thus in the present form must be considered as insecure.
2004
EPRINT
On the Security and Composability of the One Time Pad
Dominik Raub Rainer Steinwandt Jörn Müller-Quade
Recent experimental results in quantum cryptography have renewed the interest in information-theoretically secure ciphers. In April 2004, in Vienna a bank transfer was secured by means of a one time pad encryption, with the key material being derived from a quantum key exchange. However, in this experiment the integrity of the transmitted message remained unprotected. This can have severe consequences, if the bank transfer form itself contains no authentication mechanism and there is a known position where the amount of money or the recipient is specified. Through flipping bits at the corresponding positions in the ciphertext, the amount of transfered money or the recipient of the money can be changed. This concrete example illustrates the necessity for a thorough theoretical analysis of information-theoretically secure cryptographic techniques that are to be deployed in practice. In this work we show how to implement a statistically secure and composable system for message passing, that is, a channel with negligible failure rate secure against unbounded adversaries, using a one time pad based cryptosystem. We prove the security of our system in an asynchronous adversarially-controlled network using the framework put forward by Backes, Pfitzmann, and Waidner. The composition theorem offered by this framework enables the use of our scheme as a building block of more complex protocols as needed in practical applications.
2003
CHES
2003
PKC
2003
PKC
2003
EPRINT
On Modeling IND-CCA Security in Cryptographic Protocols
Two common notions of security for public key encryption schemes are shown to be equivalent: we prove that indistinguishability against chosen-ciphertext attacks (IND-CCA) is in fact polynomially equivalent to (yet "slightly" weaker than) securely realizing the ideal functionality F_PKE in the general modeling of cryptographic protocols of [http://eprint.iacr.org/2000/067]. This disproves in particular the claim that security in the sense of IND-CCA strictly implies security in the sense of realizing F_PKE (see [http://eprint.iacr.org/2000/067]). Moreover, we give concrete reductions among such security notions and show that these relations hold for both uniform and non-uniform adversarial entities.
2003
EPRINT
Initiator-Resilient Universally Composable Key Exchange
Key exchange protocols in the setting of universal composability are investigated. First we show that the ideal functionality F_KE of [CK02] cannot be realized in the presence of adaptive adversaries, thereby disproving a claim in [CK02]. We proceed to propose a modification F_KE^(i,j), which is proven to be realizable by two natural protocols for key exchange. Furthermore, sufficient conditions for securely realizing this modified functionality are given. Two notions of key exchange are introduced that allow for security statements even when one party is corrupted. Two natural key exchange protocols are proven to fulfill the "weaker" of these notions, and a construction for deriving protocols that satisfy the "stronger" notion is given.
2003
EPRINT
Yet Another Sieving Device
Willi Geiselmann Rainer Steinwandt
A compact mesh architecture for supporting the relation collection step of the number field sieve is described. Differing from TWIRL, only isolated chips without inter-chip communication are used. According to a preliminary analysis for 768-bit numbers, with a 130 nm process one mesh-based device fits on a single chip of ca. (4.9 cm)^2 - the largest proposed chips in the TWIRL cluster for 768-bit occupy ca. (6.7 cm)^2. A 300 mm silicon wafer filled with the mesh-based devices is about 6.3 times slower than a wafer with TWIRL clusters, but due to the moderate chip size, lack of inter-chip communication, and the comparatively regular structure, from a practical point of view the mesh-based approach might be as attractive as TWIRL.
2003
EPRINT
A short comment on the affine parts of SFLASH^{v3}
Willi Geiselmann Rainer Steinwandt
In [http://eprint.iacr.org/2003/211/] SFLASH^{v3} is presented, which supersedes SFLASH^{v2}, one of the digital signature schemes in the NESSIE Portfolio of recommended cryptographic primitives. We show that a known attack against the affine parts of SFLASH^{v1} and SFLASH^{v2} carries over immediately to the new version SFLASH^{v3}: The 861 bit representing the affine parts of the secret key can easily be derived from the public key alone.
2003
EPRINT
Attacks on a Secure Group Communication Scheme With Hierarchical Access Control
Willi Geiselmann Rainer Steinwandt
At ICICS 2001, Zou, Ramamurthy, and Magliveras proposed CRTHACS, a chinese remainder theorem based scheme for secure group communication with hierarchical access control. The scheme is designed in such a way that the underlying hierarchy remains hidden from the participating parties/users. This contribution describes several practical attacks on CRTHACS which can reveal significant parts of the hierarchy.
2003
EPRINT
A Key Substitution Attack on SFLASH^{v3}
Willi Geiselmann Rainer Steinwandt
A practical key substitution attack on SFLASH^{v3} is described: Given a valid (message, signature) pair (m,\sigma) for some public key v_0, one can derive another public key v_1 (along with matching secret data) such that (m,\sigma) is also valid for v_1. The computational effort needed for finding such a `duplicate' key is comparable to the effort needed for ordinary key generation.
2002
EPRINT
Towards a Uniform Description of Several Group Based Cryptographic Primitives
The public key cryptosystems $MST_1$ and $MST_2$ make use of certain kinds of factorizations of finite groups. We show that generalizing such factorizations to infinite groups allows a uniform description of several proposed cryptographic primitives. In particular, a generalization of $MST_2$ can be regarded as a unifying framework for several suggested cryptosystems including the ElGamal public key system, a public key system based on braid groups and the MOR cryptosystem.
2002
EPRINT
Weak Keys in MST1
The public key cryptosystem $MST_1$ has been introduced in~\cite{MaStTr00}. Its security relies on the hardness of factoring with respect to wild logarithmic signatures. To identify `wild-like' logarithmic signatures, the criterion of being totally-non-transversal has been proposed. We give tame totally-non-transversal logarithmic signatures for the alternating and symmetric groups of degree $\ge 5$. Hence, basing a key generation procedure on the assumption that totally-non-transversal logarithmic signatures are `wild like' seems critical. We also discuss the problem of recognizing `weak' totally-non-transversal logarithmic signatures, and demonstrate that another proposed key generation procedure based on permutably transversal logarithmic signatures may produce weak keys.
2002
EPRINT
Reaction Attacks on Public Key Cryptosystems Based on the Word Problem
Maria Isabel Gonzalez Vasco Rainer Steinwandt
Wagner and Magyarik outlined a general construction for public key cryptosystems based on the hardness of the word problem for finitely presented groups. At the same time, they gave a specific example of such a system. We prove that their approach is vulnerable to so-called reaction attacks, namely, it is possible to retrieve the private key just by watching the performance of a legitimate recipient.
2002
EPRINT
An Attack on the Isomorphisms of Polynomials Problem with One Secret
Willi Geiselmann Willi Meier Rainer Steinwandt
At EUROCRYPT '96 J. Patarin introduced the "Isomorphisms of Polynomials (IP)" problem as a basis of authentication and signature schemes. We describe an attack on the secret key of "IP with one secret" and demonstrate its efficiency through examples with realistic parameter sizes. To prevent our attack, additional restrictions on the suggested parameters should be imposed.
2001
PKC
2001
PKC
2000
CRYPTO

Program Committees

PKC 2020
Asiacrypt 2017
Asiacrypt 2016
PKC 2015
PKC 2012
Eurocrypt 2009
CHES 2009
PKC 2008
Crypto 2007