International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Paper: Dummy Shuffling against Algebraic Attacks in White-box Implementations

Authors:
Alex Biryukov , SnT and DCS, University of Luxembourg
Aleksei Udovenko , CryptoExperts
Download:
Search ePrint
Search Google
Conference: EUROCRYPT 2021
Abstract: At CHES 2016, Bos et al. showed that most of existing white-box implementations are easily broken by standard side-channel attacks. A natural idea to apply the well-developed side-channel countermeasure - linear masking schemes - leaves implementations vulnerable to linear algebraic attacks which exploit absence of noise in the white-box setting and are applicable for any order of linear masking. At ASIACRYPT 2018, Biryukov and Udovenko proposed a security model (BU-model for short) for protection against linear algebraic attacks and a new quadratic masking scheme which is provably secure in this model. However, countermeasures against higher-degree attacks were left as an open problem. In this work, we study the effectiveness of another well-known side-channel countermeasure - shuffling - against linear and higher-degree algebraic attacks in the white-box setting. First, we extend the classic shuffling to include dummy computation slots and show that this is a crucial component for protecting against the algebraic attacks. We quantify and prove the security of dummy shuffling against the linear algebraic attack in the BU-model. We introduce a refreshing technique for dummy shuffling and show that it allows to achieve close to optimal protection in the model for arbitrary degrees of the attack, thus solving the open problem of protection against the algebraic attack in the BU-model. Furthermore, we describe an interesting proof-of-concept construction that makes the slot function public (while keeping the shuffling indexes private).
BibTeX
@inproceedings{eurocrypt-2021-30823,
  title={Dummy Shuffling against Algebraic Attacks in White-box Implementations},
  publisher={Springer-Verlag},
  author={Alex Biryukov and Aleksei Udovenko},
  year=2021
}