## CryptoDB

### Benoît Cogliati

#### Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2020
ASIACRYPT
In EUROCRYPT '96, Aiello and Venkatesan proposed two candidates for $2n$-bit to $2n$-bit pseudorandom functions (PRFs), called Benes and modified Benes (or mBenes), based on $n$-bit to $n$-bit PRFs. While Benes is known to be secure up to $2^n$ queries (Patarin, AFRICACRYPT '08), the security of mBenes has only been proved up to $2^{n(1-\epsilon)}$ queries for all $\epsilon > 0$ by Patarin and Montreuil in ICISC '05. In this work, we show that the composition of a $2n$-bit hash function with mBenes is a secure variable input length (VIL) PRF up to $2^{n-2}$ queries (given appropriate hash function bounds). We extend our analysis with block ciphers as the underlying primitive and obtain two optimally secure VIL PRFs using block ciphers. The first of these candidates requires $6$ calls to the block cipher. The second candidate requires just $4$ calls to the block cipher, but here the proof is based on Patarin's mirror theory. Further, we instantiate the hash function with a PMAC+/LightMAC+ like hash, to get six candidates for deterministic message authentication codes with optimal security.
2018
CRYPTO
Substitution-Permutation Networks (SPNs) refer to a family of constructions which build a wn-bit block cipher from n-bit public permutations (often called S-boxes), which alternate keyless and “local” substitution steps utilizing such S-boxes, with keyed and “global” permutation steps which are non-cryptographic. Many widely deployed block ciphers are constructed based on the SPNs, but there are essentially no provable-security results about SPNs.In this work, we initiate a comprehensive study of the provable security of SPNs as (possibly tweakable) wn-bit block ciphers, when the underlying n-bit permutation is modeled as a public random permutation. When the permutation step is linear (which is the case for most existing designs), we show that 3 SPN rounds are necessary and sufficient for security. On the other hand, even 1-round SPNs can be secure when non-linearity is allowed. Moreover, 2-round non-linear SPNs can achieve “beyond-birthday” (up to $2^{2n/3}$ 22n/3 adversarial queries) security, and, as the number of non-linear rounds increases, our bounds are meaningful for the number of queries approaching $2^n$ 2n. Finally, our non-linear SPNs can be made tweakable by incorporating the tweak into the permutation layer, and provide good multi-user security.As an application, our construction can turn two public n-bit permutations (or fixed-key block ciphers) into a tweakable block cipher working on wn-bit inputs, 6n-bit key and an n-bit tweak (for any $w\ge 2$ w≥2); the tweakable block cipher provides security up to $2^{2n/3}$ 22n/3 adversarial queries in the random permutation model, while only requiring w calls to each permutation, and 3w field multiplications for each wn-bit input.
2017
TOSC
We propose new constructions of Message Authentication Codes (MACs) from tweakable or conventional block ciphers. Our new schemes are either stateless and deterministic, nonce-based, or randomized, and provably secure either in the standard model for tweakable block cipher-based ones, or in the ideal cipher model for block cipher-based ones. All our constructions are very efficient, requiring only one call to the underlying (tweakable) block cipher in addition to universally hashing the message. Moreover, the security bounds we obtain are quite strong: they are beyond the birthday bound, and nonce-based/randomized variants provide graceful security degradation in case of misuse, i.e., the security bound degrades linearly with the maximal number of repetitions of nonces/random values.
2016
CRYPTO
2016
FSE
2015
EPRINT
2015
EPRINT
2015
EPRINT
2015
EUROCRYPT
2015
CRYPTO
2015
ASIACRYPT
2014
FSE