International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Dag Arne Osvik

Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2010
EPRINT
Factorization of a 768-bit RSA modulus
This paper reports on the factorization of the 768-bit number RSA-768 by the number field sieve factoring method and discusses some implications for RSA.
2010
JOFC
2010
CRYPTO
2010
FSE
2009
CRYPTO
2007
ASIACRYPT
2007
EPRINT
A kilobit special number field sieve factorization
We describe how we reached a new factoring milestone by completing the first special number field sieve factorization of a number having more than 1024 bits, namely the Mersenne number $2^{1039}-1$. Although this factorization is orders of magnitude `easier' than a factorization of a 1024-bit RSA modulus is believed to be, the methods we used to obtain our result shed new light on the feasibility of the latter computation.
2005
EPRINT
Cache attacks and Countermeasures: the Case of AES
Dag Arne Osvik Adi Shamir Eran Tromer
We describe several software side-channel attacks based on inter-process leakage through the state of the CPU's memory cache. This leakage reveals memory access patterns, which can be used for cryptanalysis of cryptographic primitives that employ data-dependent table lookups. The attacks allow an unprivileged process to attack other processes running in parallel on the same processor, despite partitioning methods such as memory protection, sandboxing and virtualization. Some of our methods require only the ability to trigger services that perform encryption or MAC using the unknown key, such as encrypted disk partitions or secure network links. Moreover, we demonstrate an extremely strong type of attack, which requires knowledge of neither the specific plaintexts nor ciphertexts, and works by merely monitoring the effect of the cryptographic process on the cache. We discuss in detail several such attacks on AES, and experimentally demonstrate their applicability to real systems, such as OpenSSL and Linux's dm-crypt encrypted partitions (in the latter case, the full key can be recovered after just 800 writes to the partition, taking 65 milliseconds). Finally, we describe several countermeasures which can be used to mitigate such attacks.

Program Committees

CHES 2009