International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research


Renas Bacho


Twinkle: Threshold Signatures from DDH with Full Adaptive Security
Sparkle is the first threshold signature scheme in the pairing-free discrete logarithm setting (Crites, Komlo, Maller, Crypto 2023) to be proven secure under adaptive corruptions. However, without using the algebraic group model, Sparkle's proof imposes an undesirable restriction on the adversary. Namely, for a signing threshold t<n, the adversary is restricted to corrupt at most t/2 parties. In addition, Sparkle's proof relies on a strong one-more assumption. In this work, we propose Twinkle, a new threshold signature scheme in the pairing-free setting which overcomes these limitations. Twinkle is the first pairing-free scheme to have a security proof under up to t adaptive corruptions without relying on the algebraic group model. It is also the first such scheme with a security proof under adaptive corruptions from a well-studied non-interactive assumption, namely, the Decisional Diffie-Hellman (DDH) assumption. We achieve our result in two steps. First, we design a generic scheme based on a linear function that satisfies several abstract properties and prove its adaptive security under a suitable one-more assumption related to this function. In the context of this proof, we also identify a gap in the security proof of Sparkle and develop new techniques to overcome this issue. Second, we give a suitable instantiation of the function for which the corresponding one-more assumption follows from DDH.
Network-Agnostic Security Comes (Almost) for Free in DKG and MPC
Distributed key generation (DKG) protocols are an essential building block for threshold cryptosystems. Many DKG protocols tolerate up to t_s<n/2 corruptions assuming a well-behaved synchronous network, but become insecure as soon as the network delay becomes unstable. On the other hand, solutions in the asynchronous model operate under arbitrary network conditions, but only tolerate t_a<n/3 corruptions, even when the network is well-behaved. In this work, we ask whether one can design a protocol that achieves security guarantees in either scenario. We show a complete characterization of _network-agnostic_ DKG protocols, showing that the tight bound is t_a + 2t_s < n. As a second contribution, we provide an optimized version of the network-agnostic MPC protocol by Blum, Liu-Zhang and Loss [CRYPTO'20] which improves over the communication complexity of their protocol by a linear factor. Moreover, using our DKG protocol, we can instantiate our MPC protocol in the _plain PKI model_, i.e., without the need to assume an expensive trusted setup. Our protocols incur comparable communication complexity as state-of-the-art DKG and MPC protocols with optimal resilience in their respective purely synchronous and asynchronous settings, thereby showing that network-agnostic security comes (almost) _for free_.