International Association for Cryptologic Research

International Association
for Cryptologic Research

CryptoDB

Tatsuaki Okamoto

Affiliation: NICT, JP

Publications

Year
Venue
Title
2019
PKC
2019
PKC
Efficient Attribute-Based Signatures for Unbounded Arithmetic Branching Programs
This paper presents the first attribute-based signature (ABS) scheme in which the correspondence between signers and signatures is captured in an arithmetic model of computation. Specifically, we design a fully secure, i.e., adaptively unforgeable and perfectly signer-private ABS scheme for signing policies realizable by arithmetic branching programs (ABP), which are a quite expressive model of arithmetic computations. On a more positive note, the proposed scheme places no bound on the size and input length of the supported signing policy ABP’s, and at the same time, supports the use of an input attribute for an arbitrary number of times inside a signing policy ABP, i.e., the so called unbounded multi-use of attributes. The size of our public parameters is constant with respect to the sizes of the signing attribute vectors and signing policies available in the system. The construction is built in (asymmetric) bilinear groups of prime order, and its unforgeability is derived in the standard model under (asymmetric version of) the well-studied decisional linear (DLIN) assumption coupled with the existence of standard collision resistant hash functions. Due to the use of the arithmetic model as opposed to the boolean one, our ABS scheme not only excels significantly over the existing state-of-the-art constructions in terms of concrete efficiency, but also achieves improved applicability in various practical scenarios. Our principal technical contributions are (a) extending and refining the techniques of Okamoto and Takashima [PKC 2011, PKC 2013], which were originally developed in the context of boolean span programs, to the arithmetic setting; and (b) innovating new ideas to allow unbounded multi-use of attributes inside ABP’s, which themselves are of unbounded size and input length.
2018
PKC
Full-Hiding (Unbounded) Multi-input Inner Product Functional Encryption from the k-Linear Assumption
Pratish Datta Tatsuaki Okamoto Junichi Tomida
This paper presents two non-generic and practically efficient private key multi-input functional encryption (MIFE) schemes for the multi-input version of the inner product functionality that are the first to achieve simultaneous message and function privacy, namely, the full-hiding security for a non-trivial multi-input functionality under well-studied cryptographic assumptions. Our MIFE schemes are built in bilinear groups of prime order, and their security is based on the standard k-Linear (k-LIN) assumption (along with the existence of semantically secure symmetric key encryption and pseudorandom functions). Our constructions support polynomial number of encryption slots (inputs) without incurring any super-polynomial loss in the security reduction. While the number of encryption slots in our first scheme is apriori bounded, our second scheme can withstand an arbitrary number of encryption slots. Prior to our work, there was no known MIFE scheme for a non-trivial functionality, even without function privacy, that can support an unbounded number of encryption slots without relying on any heavy-duty building block or little-understood cryptographic assumption.
2018
ASIACRYPT
Adaptively Simulation-Secure Attribute-Hiding Predicate Encryption
This paper demonstrates how to achieve simulation-based strong attribute hiding against adaptive adversaries for predicate encryption (PE) schemes supporting expressive predicate families under standard computational assumptions in bilinear groups. Our main result is a simulation-based adaptively strongly partially-hidingPE (PHPE) scheme for predicates computing arithmetic branching programs (ABP) on public attributes, followed by an inner-product predicate on private attributes. This simultaneously generalizes attribute-based encryption (ABE) for boolean formulas and ABP’s as well as strongly attribute-hiding PE schemes for inner products. The proposed scheme is proven secure for any a priori bounded number of ciphertexts and an unbounded (polynomial) number of decryption keys, which is the best possible in the simulation-based adaptive security framework. This directly implies that our construction also achieves indistinguishability-based strongly partially-hiding security against adversaries requesting an unbounded (polynomial) number of ciphertexts and decryption keys. The security of the proposed scheme is derived under (asymmetric version of) the well-studied decisional linear (DLIN) assumption. Our work resolves an open problem posed by Wee in TCC 2017, where his result was limited to the semi-adaptive setting. Moreover, our result advances the current state of the art in both the fields of simulation-based and indistinguishability-based strongly attribute-hiding PE schemes. Our main technical contribution lies in extending the strong attribute hiding methodology of Okamoto and Takashima [EUROCRYPT 2012, ASIACRYPT 2012] to the framework of simulation-based security and beyond inner products.
2015
EPRINT
2015
PKC
2015
ASIACRYPT
2014
TCC
2013
PKC
2012
EUROCRYPT
2012
ASIACRYPT
2011
PKC
2010
CRYPTO
2010
EUROCRYPT
2010
EPRINT
Fully Secure Functional Encryption: Attribute-Based Encryption and (Hierarchical) Inner Product Encryption
In this paper, we present two fully secure functional encryption schemes. Our first result is a fully secure attribute-based encryption (ABE) scheme. Previous constructions of ABE were only proven to be selectively secure. We achieve full security by adapting the dual system encryption methodology recently introduced by Waters and previously leveraged to obtain fully secure IBE and HIBE systems. The primary challenge in applying dual system encryption to ABE is the richer structure of keys and ciphertexts. In an IBE or HIBE system, keys and ciphertexts are both associated with the same type of simple object: identities. In an ABE system, keys and ciphertexts are associated with more complex objects: attributes and access formulas. We use a novel information-theoretic argument to adapt the dual system encryption methodology to the more complicated structure of ABE systems. We construct our system in composite order bilinear groups, where the order is a product of three primes. We prove the security of our system from three static assumptions. Our ABE scheme supports arbitrary monotone access formulas. Our second result is a fully secure (attribute-hiding) predicate encryption (PE) scheme for inner-product predicates. As for ABE, previous constructions of such schemes were only proven to be selectively secure. Security is proven under a non-interactive assumption whose size does not depend on the number of queries. The scheme is comparably efficient to existing selectively secure schemes. We also present a fully secure hierarchical PE scheme under the same assumption. The key technique used to obtain these results is an elaborate combination of the dual system encryption methodology (adapted to the structure of inner product PE systems) and a new approach on bilinear pairings using the notion of dual pairing vector spaces (DPVS) proposed by Okamoto and Takashima.
2009
ASIACRYPT
2009
PKC
2008
ASIACRYPT
2007
ASIACRYPT
2007
EPRINT
Authenticated Key Exchange and Key Encapsulation Without Random Oracles
Tatsuaki Okamoto
This paper presents a new paradigm to realize cryptographic primitives such as authenticated key exchange and key encapsulation without random oracles under three assumptions: the decisional Diffie-Hellman (DDH) assumption, target collision resistant (TCR) hash functions and a class of pseudo-random functions (PRFs), {\pi}PRFs, PRFs with pairwise-independent random sources. We propose a (PKI-based) two-pass authenticated key exchange (AKE) protocol that is comparably as efficient as the existing most efficient protocols like MQV and that is secure without random oracles (under these assumptions). Our protocol is shown to be secure in the (currently) strongest security definition, the extended Canetti-Krawczyk (eCK) security definition introduced by LaMacchia, Lauter and Mityagin. We also show that a variant of the Kurosawa-Desmedt key encapsulation mechanism (KEM) using a {\pi}PRF is CCA-secure. This scheme is secure in a stronger security notion, the chosen public-key and ciphertext attack (CPCA) security, with using generalized TCR (GTCR) hash functions. The proposed schemes in this paper are redundancy-free (or validity-check-free) and the implication is that combining them with redundancy-free symmetric encryption (DEM) will yield redundancy-free (e.g., MAC-free) CCA-secure hybrid encryption.
2006
TCC
2006
EPRINT
Efficient Blind and Partially Blind Signatures Without Random Oracles
Tatsuaki Okamoto
This paper proposes a new efficient signature scheme from bilinear maps that is secure in the standard model (i.e., without the random oracle model). Our signature scheme is more effective in many applications (e.g., blind signatures, group signatures, anonymous credentials etc.) than the existing secure signature schemes in the standard model. As typical applications of our signature scheme, this paper presents efficient blind signatures and partially blind signatures that are secure in the standard model. Here, partially blind signatures are a generalization of blind signatures (i.e., blind signatures are a special case of partially blind signatures) and have many applications including electronic cash and voting. Our blind signature scheme is much more efficient than the existing secure blind signature schemes in the standard model such as the Camenisch-Koprowski-Warinsch and Juels-Luby-Ostrovsky schemes, and is also almost as efficient as the most efficient blind signature schemes whose security has been analyzed heuristically or in the random oracle model. Our partially blind signature scheme is the first one that is secure in the standard model and it is very efficient (as efficient as our blind signatures). The security proof of our blind and partially blind signature schemes requires the 2SDH assumption, a variant of the SDH assumption introduced by Boneh and Boyen, and the 2SDH-IND assumption. This paper also presents an efficient way to convert our (partially) blind signature scheme in the standard model to a scheme secure for a concurrent run of users in the common reference string (CRS) model. Finally, we present a blind signature scheme based on the Waters signature scheme.
2006
EPRINT
On the Equivalence of Several Security Notions of Key Encapsulation Mechanism
Waka Nagao Yoshifumi Manabe Tatsuaki Okamoto
KEM (Key Encapsulation Mechanism) was introduced by Shoup to formalize the asymmetric encryption specified for key distribution in ISO standards on public-key encryption. Shoup defined the ``semantic security (IND) against adaptively chosen ciphertext attacks (CCA2)'' as a desirable security notion of KEM. This paper introduces ''non-malleability (NM)'' of KEM, a stronger security notion than IND. We provide three definitions of NM, and show that these three definitions are equivalent. We then show that NM-CCA2 KEM is equivalent to IND-CCA2 KEM. That is, we show that NM is equivalent to IND under CCA2 attacks, although NM is stronger than IND in the definition (or under some attacks like CCA1). In addition, this paper defines the universally composable (UC) security of KEM and shows that NM-CCA2 KEM is equivalent to UC KEM.
2005
TCC
2004
PKC
2004
JOFC
2003
ASIACRYPT
2003
EPRINT
Resource Bounded Unprovability of Computational Lower Bounds
Tatsuaki Okamoto Ryo Kashima
This paper introduces new notions of asymptotic proofs, PT(polynomial-time)-extensions, PTM(polynomial-time Turing machine)-$\omega$-consistency, etc. on formal theories of arithmetic including PA (Peano Arithmetic). An asymptotic proof is a set of infinitely many formal proofs, which is introduced to define and characterize a property, PTM-$\omega$-consistency, of a formal theory. Informally speaking, PTM-$\omega$-consistency is a {\it polynomial-time bounded} version (in asymptotic proofs) of $\omega$-consistency, and characterized in two manners: (1) (in the light of the {\it extension of PTM to TM}) the resource {\it unbounded} version of PTM-$\omega$-consistency is equivalent to $\omega$-consistency, and (2) (in the light of {\it asymptotic proofs by PTM}) a PTM-$\omega$-{\it inconsistent} theory includes an axiom that only a super-polynomial-time Turing machine can prove asymptotically over PA, under some assumptions. This paper shows that {\it P$\not=$NP (more generally, any super-polynomial-time lower bound in PSPACE) is unprovable in a PTM-$\omega$-consistent theory $T$}, where $T$ is a consistent PT-extension of PA (although this paper does not show that P$\not=$NP is unprovable in PA, since PA has not been proven to be PTM-$\omega$-consistent). This result implies that to prove P$\not=$NP by any technique requires a PTM-$\omega$-{\it inconsistent} theory, which should include an axiom that only a super-polynomial-time machine can prove asymptotically over PA (or implies a super-polynomial-time computational upper bound) under some assumptions. This result is a kind of generalization of the result of ``Natural Proofs'' by Razborov and Rudich, who showed that to prove ``P$\not=$NP'' by a class of techniques called ``Natural Proofs'' implies a super-polynomial-time (e.g., sub-exponential-time) algorithm that can break a typical cryptographic primitive, a pseudo-random generator. Our result also implies that any relativizable proof of P$\not=$NP requires the {\it resource unbounded version} of \PTM-$\omega$-{\it inconsistent} theory, $\omega$-{\it inconsistent} theory, which suggests another negative result by Baker, Gill and Solovay that no relativizable proof can prove ``P$\not=$NP'' in PA, which is a $\omega$-consistent theory. Therefore, our result gives a unified view to the existing two major negative results on proving P$\not=$NP, Natural Proofs and relativizable proofs, through the two manners of characterization of PTM-$\omega$-consistency. We also show that the PTM-$\omega$-consistency of $T$ cannot be proven in any PTM-$\omega$-consistent theory $S$, where $S$ is a consistent PT-extension of $T$. That is, to prove the independence of P vs NP from $T$ by proving the PTM-$\omega$-consistency of $T$ requires a PTM-$\omega$-{\it inconsistent} theory, or implies a super-polynomial-time computational upper bound under some assumptions. This seems to be related to the results of Ben-David and Halevi and Kurz, O'Donnell and Royer, who showed that to prove the independence of P vs NP from PA using any currently known mathematical paradigm implies an extremely-close-to-polynomial-time (but still super-polynomial-time) algorithm that can solve NP-complete problems. Based on this result, we show that {\it the security of any computational cryptographic scheme is unprovable} in the setting where adversaries and provers are modeled as polynomial-time Turing machines and only a PTM-$\omega$-consistent theory is allowed to prove the security.
2001
CRYPTO
2001
PKC
2000
CRYPTO
2000
CRYPTO
2000
EPRINT
RSA-OAEP is Secure under the RSA Assumption
Recently Victor Shoup noted that there is a gap in the widely-believed security result of OAEP against adaptive chosen-ciphertext attacks. Moreover, he showed that, presumably, OAEP cannot be proven secure from the {\it one-wayness} of the underlying trapdoor permutation. This paper establishes another result on the security of OAEP. It proves that OAEP offers semantic security against adaptive chosen-ciphertext attacks, in the random oracle model, under the {\it partial-domain} one-wayness of the underlying permutation. Therefore, this uses a formally stronger assumption. Nevertheless, since partial-domain one-wayness of the RSA function is equivalent to its (full-domain) one-wayness, it follows that the security of RSA--OAEP can actually be proven under the sole RSA assumption, although the reduction is not tight.
1999
ASIACRYPT
1999
CRYPTO
1999
PKC
1998
CRYPTO
1998
EUROCRYPT
1998
EUROCRYPT
1998
EUROCRYPT
1998
PKC
1997
CRYPTO
1997
CRYPTO
1995
CRYPTO
1995
CRYPTO
1994
ASIACRYPT
1994
CRYPTO
1994
EUROCRYPT
1993
EUROCRYPT
1992
AUSCRYPT
1992
CRYPTO
1992
CRYPTO
1992
EUROCRYPT
1992
EUROCRYPT
1991
ASIACRYPT
1991
ASIACRYPT
1991
CRYPTO
1991
CRYPTO
1991
CRYPTO
1991
EUROCRYPT
1991
EUROCRYPT
1991
EUROCRYPT
1990
CRYPTO
1990
EUROCRYPT
1989
CRYPTO
1989
EUROCRYPT
1988
CRYPTO

Program Committees

TCC 2019
Asiacrypt 2017
PKC 2016
Asiacrypt 2016
Asiacrypt 2015
PKC 2013
Crypto 2012
Asiacrypt 2012
Eurocrypt 2011
Eurocrypt 2010
TCC 2008
Asiacrypt 2008
PKC 2007
Eurocrypt 2005
PKC 2005
Crypto 2004
Crypto 2003
PKC 2003
Crypto 2002
Crypto 2001
PKC 2001
Asiacrypt 2000
PKC 2000
PKC 1999
PKC 1998
Crypto 1997
Eurocrypt 1996
Eurocrypt 1994
Asiacrypt 1994
Crypto 1993
Eurocrypt 1992